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Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

1:8 king over Egypt. Unfortunately, Egyptian chronology is still controversial among Egyptologists and Biblical archaeologists. Various schools of thought favor different identifications of this new Pharaoh, as well as others before and after. Until such arguments are settled, there is no need to attempt a precise correlation of the uncertain Egyptian histories with the divinely inspired and trustworthy Biblical records.

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