New Defender's Study Bible Notes
8:1 had restored to life. Refer to the account of this miracle in II Kings 4:32-35.
8:3 at the seven years’ end. This famine was a judgment upon the land (II Kings 8:1), probably because of the sins of Jehoram. The seven years probably were the final years of his reign (see II Kings 3:1; 8:24).
8:6 the king appointed unto her. This king was probably Jehu, who for a time early in his reign was zealous for the Lord (II Kings 10:30).
8:8 Shall I recover. It is remarkable to see that Elisha was both welcome in Damascus and revered by king Ben-hadad as “the man of God”—this despite the ongoing enmity of the Syrians against Israel. Elisha’s uncompromising stand and his obvious power with God had earned him great respect, even among his enemies.
8:10 shall surely die. This apparently contradictory prophecy (“recover, yet die”) indicated that Ben-hadad would indeed recover, only to be immediately murdered by his trusted commander, Hazael (II Kings 8:15).
8:15 Hazael. Hazael proceeded to implement Elisha’s prophecy (II Kings 8:13) by murdering Ben-hadad and usurping his throne. However, he is mentioned on Assyrian inscriptions as “a nobody,” even though he reigned for some forty years.
8:16 began to reign. That is Jehoram (of Judah) was co-regent with Jehoshaphat, his father, for about four years.
8:18 daughter of Ahab. Athaliah, daughter of Jezebel and Ahab, was married to Jehoram, and no doubt encouraged him in his evil ways.
8:25 twelfth year of Joram. Ahaziah is said in this verse to have become king of Judah in the twelfth year of Joram, king of Israel. Yet II Kings 9:29 says it was in the eleventh year. Both are correct—the first using the post-accession year as the starting point, the latter using the actual accession year—both systems being used in the ancient world.
8:26 Two and twenty years. See footnote on II Chronicles 22:2.
8:26 daughter of Omri. Omri was the founder of the dynasty that included Ahab, Jehoram and Ahaziah. Athaliah was a daughter of Omri in that sense, but was biologically his granddaughter.
8:28 Joram the son of Ahab. For a time there were two contemporaneous kings named Jehoram (or Joram). Then, in his brief reign, Ahaziah (son of Judah’s Jehoram) was confederate with Israel’s Jehoram in their fighting against King Hazael of Syria.