New Defender's Study Bible Notes
19:16 delivered he him. Pilate thought he was the one who “delivered” Jesus to be crucified. The fact is, however, that He, “being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain” (Acts 2:23).
19:17 skull. “Skull” in the Greek is kranion and in the Latin Golgotha or Calvary. The small eighteen-foot hill recognized as “Mount Calvary” in modern Jerusalem does, indeed, have a skull-like appearance.