South America Shows the Flood Progression | The Institute for Creation Research

South America Shows the Flood Progression

New research confirms that the Flood recorded in Genesis was global. It also reflects the exact step-by-step biblical account of the floodwaters’ progression.

In previous articles, I described ICR’s Column Project, a research initiative in which we are building a database of stratigraphic columns from across the world.1,2 At that point we’d only completed North America and Africa, compiling stratigraphic information for more than 1,100 boreholes—oil wellbores, outcrops, cores, cross-sections, and seismic data—over these two great land masses.

Most recently, we’ve added 404 columns across South America, giving a total of over 1,500 compiled stratigraphic columns from around the world. This report describes some of the results of that study and gives compelling confirmation of the biblical Flood account described in Genesis 7.

What do we see? In Figures 1–6, we show the thickness of the six megasequences across South America. The Sauk is the earliest Flood layer, followed by Tippecanoe, Kaskaskia, Absaroka, Zuni, and finally the youngest layer, Tejas.3 Note how the coverage of the continent steadily increases with each successive layer, marking the Flood’s progression.

These data indicate the Flood started out slowly, inundating limited areas at first but increasing a little more each time as the first megasequences were deposited, perhaps during the first 40 days (Sauk, Tippecanoe, and Kaskaskia). Later, during the deposition of the Absaroka Megasequence, the coverage dramatically increased until the Flood appears to have reached a maximum coverage level in the Zuni Megasequence, possibly around Day 150. Fittingly, this is the exact same maximum level observed across North America and Africa, indicating a truly global event. Finally, the Tejas Megasequence seems to show the floodwaters receding—post-Day 150 of the Flood—and accordingly shows a similar coverage level to the Zuni.

Some may wonder why there isn’t complete coverage across all of South America if the Zuni was the high point of the Flood. The answer is straightforward: the highest hills were only flooded by a modest amount of water, leaving little sediment behind as the floodwaters receded (Genesis 7:20). Late-Flood and post-Flood erosion likely removed these thin areas of sediment, exposing the crystalline crust we see across much of Brazil today.

The geology of South America confirms God’s Word; the columns across the continent show a clear progression of the floodwaters, just as described in Genesis 7.

The waters prevailed and greatly increased on the earth, and the ark moved about on the surface of the waters. And the waters prevailed exceedingly on the earth, and all the high hills under the whole heaven were covered. (Genesis 7:18-19)

All over the globe the rocks cry out and tell the Flood story. And we can be thankful for God’s promise in Genesis 9:15 that a global flood will never again destroy the world.

References

  1. Clarey, T. 2015. Grappling with Megasequences. Acts & Facts. 44 (4): 18-19.
  2. Clarey, T. 2015. Reading African Strata. Acts & Facts. 44 (9): 9.
  3. Morris, J. D. 2012. The Global Flood: Unlocking Earth’s Geologic History. Dallas, TX: Institute for Creation Research, 149.

* Dr. Clarey is Research Associate at the Institute for Creation Research and earned his Ph.D. in geology from Western Michigan University.

Cite this article: Tim Clarey, Ph.D. 2017. South America Shows the Flood Progression. Acts & Facts. 46 (3).

The Latest
NEWS
Inside June 2021 Acts & Facts
How do the Everglades illustrate Bible-affirming biology? Why do marine sponges inspire engineers? What can we learn about God’s providence from...

NEWS
Two Excuses for Human Evolution Confusion
Public school textbooks assert that apes and humans emerged from an ape-like animal, whereas Genesis 1 says that God created humans and the different animal...

DAYS OF PRAISE DEVOTIONALS
Summer 2021
...

ACTS & FACTS
Coral Reef
Christy Hardy and Susan Windsor* You’re never too young to be a creation scientist! Kids, discover fun facts about God’s creation with...

ACTS & FACTS
The Legacy and Faith of a Godly Father
Good fathers serve an essential role in the family, and it’s surely fitting that we express our love and gratitude on Father’s Day. After...

APOLOGETICS
Even Seaweed Is Proof of God's Providence
Tidewater-tossed seaweeds display God’s providence.1,2 Hidden in plain view, tidewater seaweeds are spectacular exhibits of Christ’s...

ACTS & FACTS
What It Takes to Make a Cell: A Review of The Stairway to Life
Rare is the science book that can hold even an average reader’s attention. But The Stairway to Life does just that. Coauthored by biochemist Laura...

ACTS & FACTS
Does Radioisotope Dating Prove an Old Earth?
Tim Clarey, Ph.D., and Vernon R. Cupps, Ph.D.* When most people think about radioisotope dating, they think of carbon-14 (C-14), or radiocarbon...

ACTS & FACTS
The Everglades: Two Biology Basics the Bible Got Right
Brian Thomas, Ph.D., and Gary Parker, Ed.D.* Imagine a river 50 miles wide and 100 miles long but only inches deep. Its slow flow is hidden...

ACTS & FACTS
Marine Sponges Inspire
The oceans are alive with God’s diverse and amazing creatures. Scripture tells us “God created great whales, and every living creature that...