by Steven A. Austin, Ph.D. and D. Russell Humphreys, Ph.D.
Presented at the Second International Conference on Creationism, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, July 30–August 4, 1990. Published in: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Creationism, R. E. Walsh and C. L. Brooks (Eds.), pp. 17–33, 1990.
© 1990 Creation Science Fellowship, Inc., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. All Rights Reserved
The known and conjectured processes which deliver and remove dissolved sodium (Na+) to and from the ocean are inventoried. Only 27% of the present Na+ delivered to the ocean can be accounted for by known removal processes. This indicates that the Na+ concentration of the ocean is not today in “steady state” as supposed by evolutionists, but is increasing with time. The present rate of increase (about 3 × 1011 kg/yr) cannot be accommodated into evolutionary models assuming cyclic or episodic removal of input Na+ and a 3-billion-year-old ocean. The enormous imbalance shows that the sea should contain much more salt than it does today if the evolutionary model were true. A differential equation containing minimum input rates and maximum output rates allows a maximum age of the ocean of 62 million years to be calculated. The data can be accommodated well into a creationist model.
Sodium, Ocean, Salt, Inputs, Outputs, Evolutionary Earth Models, Ocean’s Age, Creationist Model
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