Rocks Reveal the End of the Flood | The Institute for Creation Research
Rocks Reveal the End of the Flood

One of the most important aspects of any Flood model is the definition of its boundaries. Is there an identifiable layer in the rock record where we can say the global Flood ended? And should we expect that boundary to be at a consistent level globally? ICR’s Column Project research team compiled global rock data from oil wells and outcrops to help answer these questions.

Most creation scientists agree that the Flood/post-Flood boundary is at or near one of two levels: 1) the top of the Cretaceous system at the K-Pg horizon,1,2 or 2) near the top of the Upper Cenozoic at about the Pliocene level (Figure 1).3,4

Our research results include five major geological observations that demonstrate the boundary must be at or near the Pliocene level.5 Some of these observed features are so massive and/or extraordinary that local post-Flood catastrophes could not have produced them as the K-Pg boundary proponents have claimed. Our recently published technical article describes these features in depth, but this article will summarize our most significant findings so far.5

Figure 1. Partial geologic timescale showing the subdivisions of the Mesozoic and Cenozoic.
 

Probably the strongest evidence of the Pliocene boundary is the presence of uninterrupted carbonate rocks from the Cretaceous level below the K-Pg boundary and continuing upward through Miocene strata across much of North Africa and the Middle East, including the countries of Syria and Iraq (Figure 2). Carbonate can only form underwater, which tells us these layers were still under the Flood’s waters at the time of deposition. These water-deposited sediments across such a broad region are compelling proof that the floodwaters could not have receded fully from this area until the Late Miocene and possibly even later.

Incidentally, Syria and Iraq are just to the south of the site in Turkey where the Bible describes the Ark landing. Huge regions of the Middle East were clearly still underwater during most of the Cenozoic. This means active ocean sedimentation would have made it impossible for humans to settle there and build the Tower of Babel at that time.

Figure 2. Stratigraphic column in western Syria showing rock type and stratigraphic data. All depths are in meters. The top of the Cretaceous is the K-Pg boundary. Note how the carbonate layers (colored blue) are continuous across the K-Pg boundary all the way to the top of the column, which stops in the Miocene.
 

Our studies of the stratigraphic column data across Europe produced the same results as our observations in the Middle East and North Africa. Uninterrupted layers of marine strata are found from the Cretaceous level upward through the Miocene across much of Central Europe, including Bulgaria, Romania, Italy, Austria, and even the Netherlands.

From all of these data, we concluded that too much water-deposited sediment was still being actively emplaced for the Flood to be over at the level of the K-Pg boundary. Much of the Cenozoic (Paleogene and Neogene) was still undergoing active marine deposition and was likely part of the receding phase of the great Flood. The post-Flood boundary must be near the top of the upper Neogene, around the Pliocene level.

As our Flood research continues and we refine our interpretations, we’re getting a clearer picture of this world-changing event. Tweet: As our Flood research continues and we refine our interpretations, we’re getting a clearer picture of this world-changing event.

Rocks Reveal the End of the Flood: https://www.icr.org/article/rocks-reveal-the-end-of-the-flood/

@ICRscience

#InDepthScience #Geology

Our research has identified a globally consistent and identifiable change from marine to non-marine deposition in the Upper Cenozoic rock layers, coinciding with an abrupt change in fossil content.6 Both forms of evidence confirm the Pliocene as the more accurate Flood boundary. As our Flood research continues and we refine our interpretations, we’re getting a clearer picture of this world-changing event.

References

  1. Austin, S. A. et al. 1994. Catastrophic Plate Tectonics: A Global Flood Model of Earth History. In Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Creationism. R. E. Walsh, ed. Pittsburgh, PA: Creation Science Fellowship, 609-621.
  2. Whitmore, J. H. and K. P. Wise. 2008. Rapid and early post-Flood mammalian diversification evidences in the Green River Formation. In Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Creationism. A. A. Snelling, ed. Pittsburgh, PA: Creation Science Fellowship, 449-457.
  3. Oard, M. J. 2013. Geology indicates the terrestrial Flood/post-Flood boundary is mostly in the Late Cenozoic. Journal of Creation. 27 (1): 119-127.
  4. Clarey, T. L. 2016. The Ice Age as a mechanism for post-Flood dispersal. Journal of Creation. 30 (2): 48-53.
  5. Clarey, T. L. 2017. Local Catastrophes or Receding Floodwater? Global Geologic Data that Refute a K-Pg (K-T) Flood/post-Flood Boundary. Creation Research Society Quarterly. 54 (2): 100-120.
  6. Pimiento, C. et al. 2017. The Pliocene marine megafauna extinction and its impact on functional diversity. Nature Ecology & Evolution. 1: 1100-1106.

* Dr. Clarey is Research Associate at the Institute for Creation Research and earned his Ph.D. in geology from Western Michigan University.

Cite this article: Tim Clarey, Ph.D. 2019. Rocks Reveal the End of the Flood. Acts & Facts. 48 (5).

The Latest
NEWS
Fish Body Design Reveals Optimized Swimming Mechanics
Engineering-minded scientists have taken notice that many types of fish have bodies shaped like a low-drag airfoil that are characteristic of airplane...

NEWS
New Australian Dinosaur Surprises Evolutionists
A new study published in the journal Gondwana Research has identified a rather out-of-place bone from a theropod dinosaur called an elaphrosaur that apparently...

NEWS
Spinosaurus Swam! How a Swimming Spinosaurus Fits Scripture
Spinosaurus aegyptiacus had a longer body than the enormous T. rex. In Nature journal, researchers published a new reconstruction of the extinct reptile’s...

NEWS
Jungle Crickets Use Sophisticated Design to Avoid Bats
One hundred percent effective. How often does that happen, especially in the dog-eat-dog world of biology? Researchers from the University of Bristol in...

NEWS
T. rex Had Legs Designed for Walking
A new study published in the journal PLOS ONE has found that T. rex had legs made more for walking, rather than running.1 Their long legs were...

NEWS
Maple Syrup, Gold Nanoparticles, and Gratitude
It’s springtime in New England—an important season for maple syrup production. The maple syrup season is short, only lasting between four...

NEWS
A Day to Remember
"And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast...

NEWS
Physics Today Article Ignores Monster Milankovitch Problem
An overview of the Milankovitch (or astronomical) ice age theory appears in the May 2020 issue of Physics Today.1 This theory (hypothesis, really)...

COVID-19
Pandemic Lockdown Result of Bad Software
One of the most frustrating things a person can go through is for their normally stable computer system, tablet, or phone, to suddenly stop working—a...

NEWS
Lone Scotland Tree Survived Deadly “Elm Disease”
One lone elm tree survived a deadly “elm disease.” Nicknamed “Ent Tree” (alluding to arboreal heroes in J. R. R. Tolkien’s...