The Formation and Cooling of Dikes | The Institute for Creation Research
 
The Formation and Cooling of Dikes

Download PDFDownload The Formation and Cooling of Dikes PDF

Published in: Creation Ex Nihilo Technical Journal, Vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 81–90, 1991.

© Creation Science Foundation ACN 010 120 304. All Rights Reserved.

Abstract

When molten (igneous) rock forces its way, or is squeezed up, into a vertical or near-vertical crack in other rocks, be they flat-lying sedimentary rocks such as sandstone or shale, or folded metamorphic rocks such as schist or gneiss, or other igneous rocks, the crack is usually forced apart and the molten rock cools in the space to form a tabular igneous intrusion cutting across the surrounding rocks that is known as a dike (or dyke, depending on which country you live in!). The molten rock (magma) crystallizes as it cools, the most common dike rocks being diabase (or dolerite), basalt, and fine-grained granitic rocks. Although dike formation and magma cooling in dikes have not been observed and timed, prolific studies have still been directed towards understanding the mechanism of magma intrusion to form dikes and the timing of magma cooling in them.

Keywords

Dikes, Intrusion, Viscosity, Magma Rise Distance, Crystallization, Width, Latent Heat, Cooling, Cooling Times, Granitic Dike, Dolerite (Diabase), Country Rock, Thermal Conductivity

For Full Text

Please see the Download PDF link above for the entire article.

The Latest
NEWS
Embarrassment Continues over Evolutionary Blunder about “Junk...
Recent research from the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) continues to highlight how evolutionary theory influenced...

NEWS
God’s Plan Is Best: Salmon Need Saltwater Acclimation
Once again, results are better when aquaculture imitates the natural life cycle of Atlantic salmon.1,2 In other words, the closer fish farmers...

NEWS
Inside August 2020 Acts & Facts
Have you heard about ICR’s new President and Chief Operating Officer, Dr. Randy Guliuzza? What can we learn from an old prayer? Is creation evidence...

NEWS
After 30 Years, Red Kites Soar in British Skies
Good news is always welcome. So, it’s good to learn of another conservation comeback. This time it’s the red kite happily soaring in Great...

CREATION PODCAST
Meet Dr. G
Hear the history and heart of ICR’s newly appointed President and Chief Operating Officer, Dr. Randy Guliuzza. He has served as ICR’s National...

ACTS & FACTS
'Doing Business' in Good Times and Bad
No doubt many of you, like me, have been earnestly looking for the return of the Lord Jesus Christ. He called all believers to be godly “salt”...

APOLOGETICS
Sentinels Are Needed in Perilous Times
Watch out! Dangers lurk everywhere—these are surely perilous times.1 One of the apologetics-exhorting themes in Jude’s epistle...

ACTS & FACTS
Why Don't Raindrops Bomb Butterfly Wings?
Okay, I admit most folks have probably not thought to ask this creation question. But a bigger question gets answered when we examine the fantastic...

ACTS & FACTS
Believe Anyway
by Scott Arledge and Brian Thomas, Ph.D. Some within the creation community make the claim that they would believe God’s Word about the age...

DISCOVERY CENTER
The ICR Discovery Center for Science & Earth History Updates*
Plan your trip at ICRdiscoverycenter.org, where you’ll find ticket information, discounted rates for nearby hotels, and links to other...