by Jerry Bergman, Ph.D., and Jeffrey P. Tomkins, Ph.D.
In Journal of Creation 25 (2): 106-110, August 2011
One of the leading molecular arguments for human evolution from a shared common ancestor with apes, particularly chimpanzees, is the ‘chromosome 2 fusion model’. This scenario involves the claim that the fusion of two small chimpanzee-like chromosomes (2A and 2B) formed one stable chimera chromosome in humans, leading to the difference in diploid chromosome numbers between humans and great apes. A majority of the data for the fusion model is based on DNA hybridization and chromosomal staining experiments conducted prior to the sequencing of the human and chimpanzee genomes. In the present paper, we present a new analysis of the scientific literature, and in a companion paper (part 2 in this issue) a re-analysis of the available DNA sequence data that calls into question the validity of the fusion model.
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