Dr. Vernon R. Cupps
Research Associate
Nuclear Physics, Physics


Dr. Vernon Cupps received his B.S. and M.S. in Physics at the University of Missouri-Columbia, and his Ph.D. in Nuclear Physics at Indiana University-Bloomington, where he worked at the Indiana University Cyclotron Facility. From there, he spent time at the Los Alamos National Laboratory before taking a position as Radiation Physicist at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, where he directed and supervised a radiochemical analysis laboratory from 1988 to 2011. He is a published researcher with 73 publications, 18 of which are in refereed journals. Dr. Cupps currently serves on the research team at the Institute for Creation Research in Dallas, Texas.


Click here for articles by Dr. Vernon Cupps.

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Contributions to Annual Reports, Conferences, and Presentations

(1) E.J. Stephenson, V. Cupps, C.C. Foster, J.R. Hall, W.W. Jacobs, W.P. Jones, M.D. Kaitchuck, J.T. Londergan, M. Pickar, P. Schwandt, Determining the Asymptotic D- to S-State Ratio for Light Nuclei, IUCF Scientific and Technical Report, 59(1981)

(2) V.R. Cupps, E.J. Stephenson, C.C. Foster, J.R. Hall, W.W. Jacobs, W.P. Jones, M.A. Pickar, IUCF; J.T. Londergan and C.E. Price, Indiana University, The Asymptotic D- to S-State Ratio for 3He, IUCF Scientific and Technical Report, 99(1982).

(3) E.J. Stephenson, J.D. Brown, M. Cantrell, V.R. Cupps, D. Low, P. Schwandt, J-Q. Yang, IUCF; R.J. Holt, E. Ungricht, B. Zeidman, Argonne National Lab; D. Beck, and M. Schulze, MIT, Measurement of the d + p Elastic Scattering Analyzing Powers at 80 MeV, IUCF Scientific and Technical Report, 58(1983).

(4) M.A. Pickar, H.J. Karwowski, J.D. Brown, J.B. Hall, M. Hugi, R.E. Pollock, V.R. Cupps, M. Fatyga, and A.D. Bacher, Proton Radiative Capture by Deuterium at Medium Energies, IUCF Scientific and Technical Report, 72(1983).

(5) M. Hugi, H.J. Karwowski, W.K. Pitts, J.D. Brown, V.R. Cupps, H.O. Meyer, P. Schwandt, and I.J. VanHeerden, Radiative Capture of Tensor Polarized Deuterons on Hydrogen Isotopes, IUCF Scientific and Technical Report, 74(1983).

(6) V.R. Cupps, E.J. Stephenson, J.D. Brown, C.C. Foster, W.P. Jones, D.W. Miller, H. Nann, P. Schwandt, IUCF; J.W. Seubert, IUPUI; J.R. Shepard, U. of Colorado; and J.A. Tostevin, U. of Surrey, Reaction Mechanism Study of the l=0 Ground State Transition in 116Sn(d,p)117Sn, IUCF Scientific and Technical Report, 108(1983).

(7) V.R. Cupps, E.J. Stephenson, J.D. Brown, C.C. Foster, H. Nann, P. Schwandt, IUCF; J.W. Seubert, IUPUI; J. Tostevin, U. of Surrey, Large Angle j-Dependence in the 116Sn(d,p)117Sn Reaction, IUCF Scientific and Technical Report, 111(1983). 

(8) D.A. Low, A.D. Bacher, J.D. Brown, M.S. Cantrell, V.R. Cupps, D.L. Friesel, J. Gering, W.P. Jones, C. Olmer, P. Schwandt, E.J. Stephenson, Developement of the Universal Precession System for QDDM Experiments, IUCF Scientific and Technical Report, 156(1983).

(9) E.J. Stephenson, A.D. Bacher, J.D. Brown, M.S. Cantrell, V.R. Cupps, D.L. Friesel, J.A. Gering, W.P. Jones, D.A. Low, R.S. Moore, C. Olmer, A.K. Opper, P. Schwandt, A.K. Sinha, S.W. Wissink, IUCF; J.W. Seubert, IUPUI; and J.R. Comfort, Arizona State University, Measurements of the Spin Rotation Function Q in 200-MeV Proton Elastic Scattering, IUCF Scientific and Technical Report, 1(1984). 

(10) C. Olmer, A.D. Bacher, J.D. Brown, M.S. Cantrell, V.R. Cupps, J.A. Gering, W.P. Jones, D.A. Low, A.K. Opper, P. Schwandt, A. Sinha, E.J. Stephenson, and S.W. Wissink, Polarization Transfer in Inelastic Proton Scattering from 12C and 16O, IUCF Scientific and Technical Report, 5(1984).

(11) V.R. Cupps, E.J. Stephenson, J.D. Brown, C.C. Foster, W.P. Jones, D.W. Miller, H. Nann, and P. Schwandt, IUCF; J. Seubert, IUPUI; J.R. Shepard, U. of Colorado; and J.A. Tostevin, U. of Surrey, Large Angle j-Dependence in (d,p) Transfer Reactions, Bulletin of the American Physical Society, 671(April, 1984).

(12) E.J. Stephenson, A.D. Bacher, J.D. Brown, M.S. Cantrell, V.R. Cupps, D.L. Friesel, J.A. Gering, D.A. Low, R.S. Moore, C. Olmer, A.K. Opper, P. Schwandt, and S.W. Wissink, Horizontally Polarized Proton Beams at IUCF, Proc. of the Tenth International Conference on Cyclotrons and Their Applications, (East Lansing, Michigan, April, 1984) F. Marti, editor, p. 337.

(13) V.R. Cupps, E.J. Stephenson, C.C. Foster, J.A. Gering, W.P. Jones, D.A. Low, D.W. Miller, H. Nann, C. Olmer, A.K. Opper, P. Schwandt, S.W. Wissink, IUCF; J.D. Brown, University of Princeton; R.C. Johnson and J.A. Tostevin, University of Surrey, A Test of the Coplanar and Far-Side Features of Intermediate Energy (d,p) Reactions, IUCF Scientific and Technical Report, 43(1985).

(14) C.C. Foster, J.C. Collins, V.R. Cupps, D.L. Friesel, H. Nann, W.W. Jacobs, W.P. Jones, S. Kailas, M. Kaitchuck, P. Schwandt, E.J. Stephenson, IUCF; and W.W. Daehnick, University of Pittsburgh, Optical Model Analysis of Elastic Deuteron Scattering at 80 MeV, IUCF Scientific and Technical Report, 61(1985).

(15) C. Olmer, S.W. Wissink, E.J. Stephenson, A.D. Bacher, V.R. Cupps, J.A. Gering, W.P. Jones, D.A. Low, A.K. Opper, P. Schwandt, A. Sinha, Indiana University, Polarization Transfer in Inelastic Proton Scattering From 12C and 16O, IUCF Scientific and Technical Report, 3(1985).

(16) V.R. Cupps, E.J. Stephenson, J.D. Brown, C.C. Foster, W.P. Jones, D.W. Miller, H. Nann, and P. Schwandt, IUCF; J. Seubert, IUPUI; J.R. Shepard, University of Colorado; and J.A. Tostevin, University of Surrey, Large Angle j Dependence in (d,p) Transfer Reactions, Bulletin of the American Physical Society, 671 (April, 1986). 

(17) V.R. Cupps, E.J. Stephenson, C.C. Foster, J.A. Gering, W.P. Jones, D.A. Low, D.W. Miller, H. Nann, C. Olmer, A.K. Opper, P. Schwandt, and S.W. Wissink, IUCF; J.D. Brown, University of Princeton; R.C. Johnson and J.A. Tostevin, University of Surrey; and J.W. Seubert, IUPUI, Direct Tests of the DWBA at Large Scattering Angles, Bulletin of the American Physical Society , 770 (April, 1986).

(18) E.J. Stephenson, V.R. Cupps, J.D. Brown, C.C. Foster, W.P. Jones, D.W. Miller, H. Nann, P. Schwandt, J.W. Seubert, J.A. Tostevin, The j-Dependence of Far-Side Dominated (d,p) Reactions, Proc. Sixth International Symposium on Polarization Phenomena in Nuclear Physics, Osaka, 1985, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 55 (1986) Suppl. p. 664-665.

(19) E.J. Stephenson, J.D. Brown, V.R. Cupps, C.C. Foster, J.A. Gering, W.P. Jones, D.A. Low, D.W. Miller, H. Nann, C. Olmer, A.K. Opper, P. Schwandt, S.W. Wissink, J.W. Seubert, J.A. Tostevin, and R.C. Johnson, Empirical Investigation of Far-Side Dominance in Transfer (d,p) Reactions at Intermediate Energies, Proc. Sixth International Symposium on Polarization Phenomena in Nuclear Physics, Osaka, 1985, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 55 (1986) Suppl. p. 666-667.

(20) J.A. Tostevin, R.C. Johnson, E.J. Stephenson, V.R. Cupps, J.D. Brown, C.C. Foster, W.P. Jones, D.W. Miller, H. Nann, P. Schwandt, and J.W. Seubert, Far-Side Dominance of the Reaction Amplitude Observed in Large l Transfer (d,p) Reactions at Intermediate Energy, Proc. Sixth International Symposium on Polarization Phenomena in Nuclear Physics, Osaka, 1985, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 55(1986) Suppl. p. 670-671.

(21) E.J. Stephenson, V.R. Cupps, J.D. Brown, C.C. Foster, W.P. Jones, D.W. Miller, H. Nann, P. Schwandt, J.W. Seubert and J.A. Tostevin, The 116Sn(d,p)117Sn l=0 Reaction Mechanism at Intermediate Energy, Proc. Sixth International Symposium on Polarization Phenomena in Nuclear Physics, Osaka, 1985, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 55(1986) Suppl. p. 672-673.

(22) E.J. Stephenson, A.D. Bacher, J.D. Brown, M.S. Cantrell, J.R. Comfort, V.R. Cupps, D.L. Friesel, J.A. Gering, W.P. Jones, D.A. Low, R.S. Moore, C. Olmer, A.K. Opper, P. Schwandt, J.W. Seubert, A. Sinha, and S.W. Wissink, Measurements of the Spin Rotation Function in 200-MeV Proton Elastic Scattering, Proc. Sixth International Symposium on Polarization Phenomena in Nuclear Physics, Osaka, 1985, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 55(1986) Suppl. p. 926-927.

(23) C. Olmer, S.W. Wissink, A.D. Bacher, J.D. Brown, M.S. Cantrell, V.R. Cupps, J.A. Gering, W.P. Jones, D.A. Low, A.K. Opper, P. Schwandt, A. Sinha, and E.J. Stephenson, Polarization Transfer in Proton Inelastic Scattering from 12C and 16O, Proc. Sixth International Symposium on Polarization Phenomena in Nuclear Physics, Osaka, 1985, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 55(1986) Suppl. p. 928-929.

(24) E.J. Stephenson, A.D. Bacher, J.D. Brown, M.S. Cantrell, J.R. Comfort, V.R. Cupps, D.L. Friesel, J.A. Gering, W.P. Jones, D.A. Low, R.S. Moore, C. Olmer, A.K. Opper, P. Schwandt, J.W. Seubert, A. Sinha, and S.W. Wissink, The Techniques of Proton Polarization Transfer Measurements at IUCF, Proc. Sixth International Symposium on Polarization Phenomena in Nuclear Physics, Osaka, 1985, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 55(1986) Suppl. p. 1132-1133.

(25) V.R. Cupps, E.J. Stephenson, A.D. Bacher, G. Berg, D.A. Low, D.W. Miller, C. Olmer, A.K. Opper, R. Sawafta, S.W. Wissink, Direct Test of Coplanarity and Far-Side Dominance in Intermediate Energy (d,p) Reactions, IUCF Newsletter 40, April, 1987 p. 9-11.

(26) V.R. Cupps, Reaction Mechanism of (d,p) Stripping at Intermediate Energies, MP Division Seminar, Los Alamos National Laboratory, March 10, 1987. 

(27) A. Green, F.T. Baker, V.R. Cupps, C. Djalali, L. Bimbot, H. Esbensen, R. Fergerson, G. Graw, K.W. Jones, M. Gazzaly, C. Glashausser, M. Morlet, S.K. Nanda, A. Sethi, R.D. Smith, A. Willis, The Nuclear Spin Response of 12C in Proton Inelastic Scattering at 318 MeV, Bulletin of the American Physical Society, 1559(Sept. 1987). 

(28) K.W. Jones, F.T. Baker, L. Bimbot, V.R. Cupps, C. Dajalali, R.W. Fergerson, M. Gazzaly, C. Glashausser, A. Green, M. Morlet, S.K. Nanda, A. Willis, The Nuclear Spin Response of 48Ca in Proton Inelastic Scattering at 318 MeV, Bulletin of the American Physical Society, 1559(Sept. 1987). 

(29) R.D. Ransome, V.R. Cupps, R.W. Fergerson, C. Glashausser, C.L. Morris, J.A. McGill, J.R. Comfort, B.G. Ritchie, J. Tinsley, J.D. Zumbro, R.A. Loveman, C.F. Moore, P.C. Gugelot, Charged Particle Multiplicities Following Pion Absorption, Bulletin of the American Physical Society, 1560(Sept. 1987). 

(30) B.K. Park, A.D. Bacher, G.P.A. Berg, V.R. Cupps, D.A. Low, D.W. Miller, C. Olmer, A.K. Opper, R. Sawafta, E.J. Stephenson and S.W. Wissink, Direct Test of Coplanarity and Far-side Dominance in Intermediate Energy (d,p) and (p,d) Reactions, Bulletin of the American Physical Society, 1582(Sept. 1988). 

(31) V.R. Cupps, Determination of the Site Boundary Dose due to Railhead Radionuclide Storage at Fermilab, Fermilab Radiation Physics Note #77, March, 1989. 

(32) E. Gülmez, S. Beedoe, A.G. Ling, C.A. Whitten, M.W. McNaughton, J.R. Santana, M.L. Bartlett, K.H. McNaughton, P.J. Riley, V.R. Cupps, D.L. Adams, A.J. Simon, The Absolute P-D Elastic Scattering Cross Sections at 650 and 800 MeV, Bulletin of the American Physical Society, 1140(April 1989). 

(33) E. Gülmez, A.G. Ling, C.A. Whitten, V.R. Cupps, R.D. Ransome, J.F. Amann, M.W. Mcnaughton, T. Noro, K.H. Mcnaughton, P.J. Riley, D.L. Adams, G. Glass, A.J. Simon, Accurate Intensity Measurements for Proton Beams with a 200 MHz Structure, Bulletin of the American Physical Society, 1798(September 1989). 

(34) V.R. Cupps, A. Elwyn, K. Graden, P. Hojsak, and C. Salsbury, Gamma Ray Analysis of Thoriated Tungsten Welding Rods, Fermilab Radiation Physics Note #81, October, 1989. 

(35) C.L. Morris, J.A. McGill, R.D. Ransome, V.R. Cupps, S. Dawson, R.W. Fergerson, A. Green, J.R. Comfort, B.G. Ritchie, J. Tinsley, J.D. Zumbro, R.A. Loveman, P.C. Gugelot, D.L. Watson, C. Fred Moore, Evidence for Physics beyond the Quasi-Deuteron Model in Pion Absorption, Bulletin of the American Physical Society, 945(April 1990).

(36) R.D. Ransome, V.R. Cupps, S. Dawson, R.W. Fergerson, A. Green, C.L. Morris, J.A. McGill, J.R. Comfort, B.G. Ritchie, J. Tinsley, J.D. Zumbro, R.A. Loveman, P.C. Gugelot, D.L. Watson, C. Fred Moore, Systematics of Pion Absorption on 6Li, Bulletin of the American Physical Society, 945-946(April 1990). 

(37) V.R. Cupps and J.D. Cossairt, Estimation of the Annual Tritium Release due to Operation of the Magnet Debonding Oven, Fermilab Environmental Protection Note No. 3, March 1990.

(38) A. Elwyn, B. Arnold, S. Benesch, V. Cupps, Note on Leaking Radium Sources, Fermilab Radiation Physics Note #99, November, 1992.  

(39) V. Cupps, F. Krueger, and A. Elwyn, Detection Limits for Bicron/Thyac Survey Instruments, Fermilab Radiation Physics Note #100, November, 1992. 

(40) K. Vaziri, V. Cupps, D. Boehnlein, D. Cossairt, A. Elwyn, and T. Leveling, AP0 Stack Monitor Calibration, Fermilab Radiation Physics Note #106, May 1993.

(41) V. Cupps, Estimation of Dose Equivalent Rates resulting from accidental release of 238U in the D0 calorimeters, Fermilab Radiation Physics Note #107, May 1993.

(42) V. Cupps, Survey Instrument based Release Criteria and DOE Policy, Fermilab Radiation Physics Note #108, May 1993. 

(43) A. Elwyn, and V. Cupps, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory Radioactivity Release Criteria for Materials, Equipment, and Waste, Fermilab Radiation Physics Note #109, May 1993, Rev. 11/93, and 1/94.

(44) V. Cupps, Method for Estimation of Specific Activities Using Survey Instruments, Fermilab Radiation Physics Note #112, April 1994.

(45) V. Cupps, K. Graden, K. Vaziri, and D. Grobe, Monitoring of Airborne Radionuclide Releases at FNAL, Fermilab Environmental Technical Note #9, March 1995

(46) V. Cupps, Accelerator Produced Exclusive Beta emitters in Fermilab Material,   Fermilab Radiation Physics Note #115, April 1995. 

(47) Kamran Vaziri, Vernon R. Cupps, J. Donald Cossairt, David J. Boehnlein, and Alexander J. Elwyn, A detailed calibration of a Stack Monitor used in the Measurement of Airborne Radionuclides at a High Energy Proton Accelerator, FERMILAB-Pub-96/037, February, 1996. 

(48) V.R. Cupps, A.J. Elwyn, A.J. Lennox, and T. Kroc, Fermilab NTF Neutron Beam Energy Spectrum by Foil Activation, Forty-fourth Annual Meeting of the Radiation Research Society, Chicago, IL, April, 1996. 

(49) D. Boehnlein, Vernon Cupps, Kathy Graden, and Sharon Templeton, Assessment of Outdoor Storage of Radioactive Materials, Fermilab Environmental Technical Note #12, October, 1996. 

(50) V. Cupps, and A. Elwyn, Induced 11C Activity Buildup in Uniform Pulsed Beams, Fermilab Radiation Physics Note #130, September 1997. 

(51) V. Cupps, Quantification of 11C and 13N in Fermilab Stack Emissions, Fermilab Radiation Physics Note #131, October 1997. 

(52) V. Cupps, Residual gamma emitting Radionuclides in NuMI Rock Boring Samples, Fermilab Radiation Physics Note #133, February, 1999. 

(53) V. Cupps, S. Benesch, and E. Kershisnik, Leachable 3H and 22Na in NuMI Rock Boring Samples, Fermilab Radiation Physics Note #134, December 1999.

(54) V. Cupps, Estimation of Leaching Parameters from NuMI Rock Boring Sample Data, Fermilab Radiation Physics Note #136, January 2000.


Refereed Publications

(1) E.J. Stephenson, R.C. Johnson, J.A. Tostevin, V.R. Cupps, J.D. Brown, C.C. Foster, J.A. Gering, W.P. Jones, D.A. Low, D.W. Miller, H. Nann, C. Olmer, A.K. Opper, P. Schwandt, J.W. Seubert, and S.W. Wissink, Implications of Far-Side Dominance for the Disagreement Between Distorted Wave Theory and Well-Matched Intermediate Energy (d,p) Reactions, Phys. Lett. B , 358(1986). 

(2) M.A. Pickar, H.J. Karwowski, J.D. Brown, J.R. Hall, M. Hugi, R.E. Pollack, V.R. Cupps, M. Fatyga, and A.D. Bacher, Proton Radiative Capture by Deuterium Between 100 and 200 MeV, Phys. Rev. C, (1987)37. 

(3) V.R. Cupps, The Reaction Mechanism for (d,p) Reactions at Intermediate Energies, Ph.D. Thesis, IUCF Internal Report 87-2. 

(4) V.R. Cupps, J.D. Brown, C.C. Foster, W.P. Jones, D.W. Miller, H. Nann, P. Schwandt, and E.J. Stephenson, The 116Sn(d,p)117Sn l=0 Reaction Mechanism at Intermediate Energies, Nuclear Physics A469 (1987)445-466. 

(5) E.J. Stephenson, V.R. Cupps, J.A. Tostevin, R.C. Johnson, J.D. Brown, C.C. Foster, W.P. Jones, D.W. Miller, H. Nann, and P. Schwandt, The Effects of Far-Side Dominance on the j-Dependence of the Medium Energy 116Sn(d,p)117Sn Reaction, Nuclear Physics A469 (1987)467-479. 

(6) R.D. Ransome, V.R. Cupps, S. Dawson, R.W. Fergerson, A. Green, C.L. Morris, J.A. McGill, J.R. Comfort, B.G. Ritchie, J. Tinsley, J.D. Zumbro, R.A. Loveman, P.C. Gugelot, D.L. Watson, C. Fred Moore, Charged-Particle Multiplicities following Pion Absorption on 6Li, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 64, No. 4, (Jan. 22, 1990)372-375. 

(7) E. Gülmez, A.G. Ling, C.A. Whitten, Jr., J.F. Amann, M.W. McNaughton, T. Noro, D.L. Adams, V.R. Cupps, R.D. Ransome, G. Glass, A.J. Simon, K.H. McNaughton, and P.J. Riley, Accurate intensity measurements for proton beams with a 201 MHz structure, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, A297 (1990)7-16. 

(8) R.D. Ransome, V.R. Cupps, S. Dawson, R.W. Fergerson, A. Green, C.L. Morris, J.A. McGill, J.R. Comfort, B.G. Ritchie, J.R. Tinsley, J.D. Zumbro, R.A. Loveman, P.C. Gugelot, D.L. Watson, C. Fred Moore, Systematics of pion absorption on 6Li, Physical Review C, Vol. 42, No. 4, (October 1990)1500-1518. 

(9) E.J. Stephenson, A.D. Bacher, G.P.A. Berg, V.R. Cupps, C.C. Foster, N. Hodiwalla, P. Li, J. Lisantti, D.A. Low, D.W. Miller, C. Olmer, A.K. Opper, B.K. Park, R. Sawafta, and S.W. Wissink, Enhancements of the near-side component in quasiadiabatic calculations of the 66Zn(d,p)67Zn reaction, Physical Review C, Vol. 42, No.6, (Dec. 1990)2562-2572. 

(10) L. Bimbot, R.W. Fergerson, C. Glashausser, K.W. Jones, F.T. Baker, D. Beatty, V. Cupps, A. Green, and S. Nanda, Nuclear spin response of 40Ca to 800 MeV polarized protons, Physical Review C, Vol. 42, No.6, (Dec. 1990)2367-2374. 

(11) E. Gülmez,S. Beedoe, T Jaroszewicz, A.G. Ling, C.A. Whitten, M.W. McNaughton, J.R. Santana, D.L. Adams, V.R. Cupps, A.J. Simon, M.L. Barlett, K.H. McNaughton, and P.J. Riley Absolute differential cross section measurements for proton-deuteron elastic scattering at 641.3 and 792.7 MeV, Physical Review C, Vol. 43, No. 5, (May 1991)2067-­2076. 

(12) R.D. Ransome, C.L. Morris, V.R. Cupps, R.W. Fergerson, J.A. McGill, D.L. Watson, J.D. Zumbro, B.G. Ritchie, J.R. Comfort, J.R. Tinsley, R.A. Loveman, S. Dawson, A. Green, P.C. Gugelot, and C. Fred Moore, Pion Absorption in Heavy Nuclei, Physical Review C, Vol. 45, No. 2, (Feb. 1992)R509-R513. 

(13) E. Gülmez, A.G. Ling, C.A. Witten Jr., M.W. McNaughton, D.L. Adams, V.R. Cupps, G. Glass, A.J. Simon, and K.H. McNaughton, Absolute differential cross-section measurements for p(p,p+)d reaction at 500-800 MeV, Nuclear Physics, A551 (1993)621-636.

(14) A. Green, W. Unkelbach, F.T. Baker, D. Beatty, L. Bimbot, X.Y. Chen, V.R. Cupps, C. Djalali, G. Edwards, R.W. Fergerson, C. Glashausser, K.W. Jones, M.K. Jones,  G. Kumbartzki, A. Sethi, B. Storm, and J. Wambach, Spin-Longitudinal and Spin-Transverse Response of 40Ca to 500 MeV Protons at Low Momentum Transfer, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 70, No. 6, (February 1993)734-737. 

(15) F.T. Baker, D. Beatty, L. Bimbot, V. Cupps, C. Djalali, R.W. Fergerson, C. Glashausser, G. Graw, A. Green, K. Jones, M. Morlet, S.K. Nanda, A. Sethi, B.H. Storm, W. Unkelbach, and A. Willis, Separation of DS=0 and DS=1 in the response of 12C to 318 MeV protons,  Physical Review C, Vol. 48, No. 3, (September 1993)1106-1114. 

(16) M.K. Jones, R.D. Ransome, V.R. Cupps, R.W. Fergerson, C.L. Morris, J.A. McGill, J.D. Zumbro, J.R. Comfort, B.G. Ritchie, J.R. Tinsley, P.C. Gugelot, and C. Fred Moore, Pion Absorption above the D(1232) resonance, Physical Review C, Vol. 48, No. 6, (December 1993)2800-2817. 

(17) S.I. Baker, R.A. Carrigan Jr., V.R. Cupps II, J.S. Forster, W.M. Gibson, and C.R. Sun, Effects on channeling of radiation damage due to 28 GeV protons, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 90 (1994)119-123. 

(18) A.J. Simon, G. Glass, M.W. McNaughton, T. Noro, K.H. McNaughton, P. J. Riley, E. Gülmez, C.A. Witten Jr., V.R. Cupps, R.D. Ransome, D.L. Adams, Absolute pp-elastic cross sections from 492 to 793 MeV using CH2 targets, Physical Review C, Vol. 53, No. 1, (January, 1996) 30-34.