cursed above all cattle
3:14 cursed above all cattle. God’s Curse fell first on the Serpent, representing man’s great enemy, the devil, as a perpetual reminder to man of his fall. All other animals were also placed under the Curse, as part of man’s dominion, but the Serpent was cursed above all others, becoming a universal object of dread and loathing. Whatever may have been its original posture, it would henceforth glide on its belly, eating its prey directly off the ground, and covered with the dust of the earth.