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Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death.
Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant.
It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed.
And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

31:15 seventh is the sabbath. Breaking God’s rest day was defined by Him as a capital crime among His chosen people, and this at least shows all people how vital its observance is to Him. As far as Israel was concerned, it was to be observed perpetually. Since its use long antedates the calling of Israel, it should actually be regarded as a perpetual reminder to all people of the preeminent importance God placed on the fact of His completed work of creation, and His abhorrence of any religion (e.g., evolutionism) or any practice which denied or trivialized this foundational doctrine.

31:17 in six days. Here is repeated the formula of Exodus 20:8-11, making it undeniable that the six creation “days” were literal days. God even wrote it down with His own finger on a table of stone (Exodus 31:18). All Scripture is divinely inspired, but this was divinely inscribed! To attempt to stretch these days into ages of evolution would destroy the very basis of God’s supremely important day of rest and commemoration. That His work of creation is not still continuing, as theistic evolutionists allege, but was completed in the six days, is not only indicated by the past tense (“God rested,” rather than “is resting”) but also by the fact that He “was refreshed,” as He contemplated the marvelous universe He had created and made.

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