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Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.
New Defender's Study Bible Notes
9:18 hardeneth. It was said several times that God hardened Pharaoh’s heart (Exodus 7:3,13; 9:12; 10:20; 11:10; 14:4). But also it was noted that Pharaoh often hardened his own heart (Exodus 7:4,14,22; 8:15,19,32; 9:7,34). In some mysterious way, our human decisions (for which we bear full responsibility) have also been God’s decisions, and vice versa. This is beyond our finite comprehension and we should not try to rationalize it by some human device of reasoning. What God does is right, by definition (Genesis 18:25; Psalm 33:4) and His ways are “past finding out” (Romans 11:33; Psalm 139:6). We must simply trust Him in whatever He does, knowing that He is accomplishing His own eternal purposes thereby (Romans 9:22-23).