New Defender's Study Bible Notes
17:8 shall ascend. This identification is enigmatic, but it seems to refer both to the beast as a man (Revelation 11:7) and the beast as a kingdom (Revelation 13:3,12). As a kingdom, the restoration of Babylon fits the description; as a man, an apparent resurrection of the man known as the son of perdition could be engineered by Satan through deep hypnosis, suspended animation and induced pseudo-memory. Only Christ could actually raise the dead, since only He is the Creator of life and only He has the keys of death (Revelation 1:18).