New Defender's Study Bible Notes
3:1 Then Eliashib the high priest. This remarkable list of the workmen on the wall explains how the entire wall around the whole city could be completed in less than two months (Nehemiah 6:15), despite the ongoing danger from external enemies. Men of all walks of life, from the high priest Eliashib to the Nethinims (Nehemiah 3:26) each worked on a certain assigned portion. There were apothecaries and goldsmiths (Nehemiah 3:8), mayors (i.e., “rulers”) of various areas (Nehemiah 3:9,12,14-16), and Levites (Nehemiah 3:17), priests and merchants (Nehemiah 3:28,32) and many others. At least one man even had his daughters working (Nehemiah 3:12).