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And if a soul sin, and commit any of these things which are forbidden to be done by the commandments of the LORD; though he wist it not, yet is he guilty, and shall bear his iniquity.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

5:17 wist it not. The trespass offering, like the sin offering, was to provide an atonement (or “covering”)–see Leviticus 5:6, 10, 16–only for sins committed in ignorance (Leviticus 5:18). The latter could not be overlooked simply by reason of ignorance, however, for the sinner should have known his sin was wrong. When the sin was confessed (Leviticus 5:5) and the sin offering was given, and restitution is made to anyone injured by the sin (Leviticus 5:16), then the sin was forgiven (Leviticus 5:10,13,16,18).

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