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Then Jephthah gathered together all the men of Gilead, and fought with Ephraim: and the men of Gilead smote Ephraim, because they said, Ye Gileadites are fugitives of Ephraim among the Ephraimites, and among the Manassites.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

12:4 fugitives of Ephraim. Their taunt of the Gileadites by Ephraim, perhaps based on the long-before request of the two-and-one-half tribes for the lands east of the Jordan, was the trigger that precipitated this unfortunate inter-tribal warfare.

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