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And they smote all the souls that were therein with the edge of the sword, utterly destroying them: there was not any left to breathe: and he burnt Hazor with fire.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

11:11 burnt Hazor. Archaeological studies have shown that Hazor was indeed the largest and strongest of the Canaanite cities at this time (Joshua 11:10), but that it had been destroyed several times and then rebuilt. Although the armies and occupants of these northern cities were all slain, evidently many who escaped or who had lived in the nearby villages did survive and were able to rebuild and continue to harass Israel for centuries. Hazor, along with Jericho and Ai, were the only cities destroyed by Joshua. The other conquered cities were simply taken over and occupied by the Israelites. (Joshua 11:13-14). Archaeological evidence has indeed confirmed that Hazor was destroyed and burned at a time corresponding to Joshua’s invasion of Canaan.

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