New Defender's Study Bible Notes
2:16 my Father’s. Note John’s reference to “my Father” instead of “your Father” (see also Luke 2:49), essentially thereby claiming Christ’s unique divine Sonship (John 1:34; 5:18).
2:16 house of merchandise. Three years later, when Jesus came to the temple again and found the situation even worse, He called it “a den of thieves” (Matthew 21:13). This coming to the temple may also be considered as a precursive fulfillment of the Old Testament prophecies regarding Christ’s coming to the future temple (Haggai 2:7; Malachi 3:1-4; Ezekiel 40ff.; especially 43:5).