New Defender's Study Bible Notes
28:1 Woe. The next six chapters (Isaiah 28–33) return from Isaiah’s visions of the end-time judgments, to pronounce judgments upon the Israelites of his own day. These center around six “Woes” (Isaiah 28:1; 29:1; 29:15; 30:1; 31:1; 33:1). There are thirteen other such “Woes” pronounced in Isaiah, plus thirty-four in the other prophets of the Old Testament.