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But contrariwise, when they saw that the gospel of the uncircumcision was committed unto me, as the gospel of the circumcision was unto Peter;

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

2:7 Peter. It is interesting that Paul refers to “Peter” in Galatians 2:7-8, but calls him “Cephas” in Galatians 2:9, then “Peter” again in Galatians 2:11 (also Galatians 1:18; 2:14). The only other time Paul referred to Peter was in his first epistle to the Corinthians, but there he always called him Cephas (I Corinthians 1:12; 3:22; 9:5; 15:5). Both names mean “Rock”—Peter in the Greek, Cephas in Aramaic. His given name had been Simon (note John 1:42), but had been changed to Cephas (or Peter) by Christ. Paul obviously used the two names interchangeably.

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