New Defender's Study Bible Notes
38:6 Gomer. Gomer was another son of Japheth, and father of Togarmah (Genesis 10:2-3). His descendants also originally settled in Asia Minor, Gomer’s name being preserved today in the Crimea, and Togarmah’s probably in Armenia (possibly also in Turkestan and Turkey). There is some indication that Gomer’s descendants later migrated west and gave their name to Germany.
38:6 many people. In addition to the tribes named, there will also be others—in fact, “many people with thee.” In Psalm 83, another confederation of peoples is shown invading Israel in the last days—Edom, the Ishmaelites, Moab, the Hagarenes, Gebal, Ammon, the Philistines, Tyre and Assyria. It is significant that these were the ancient names of the peoples immediately surrounding Israel, whereas those in Ezekiel 38 are those surrounding these nations. This is probably the same invasion, seen from both an internal perspective and an external perspective, for both end the same way, in a great convulsion of nature.