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After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that were with him.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

3:1 Agagite. It is possible that Haman was a descendant of Agag, who had been king of the Amalekites at the time of Saul (I Samuel 15:8), and who had been spared by Saul when he destroyed the Amalekites (I Samuel 15:20), then later slain by Samuel (I Samuel 15:33). If so, this would help explain why Haman hated all the Jews, not Mordecai only. However, it is also known, from an Akkadian inscription, that there was a district in Media (later a part of the Medo-Persian empire) named Agag.

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