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New Defender's Study Bible Notes
8:13 valley of salt. This probably refers to the Dead Sea region, and the “smiting” probably was in relation to the Edomites instead of the Syrians (see II Samuel 8:14; also I Chronicles 18:12). It is possible that the Syrians had sent a contingent to help the Edomites in their battles against Israel, and both had been defeated by David’s armies together.