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Now these be the last words of David. David the son of Jesse said, and the man who was raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said,

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

23:1 last words of David. This assertion seems to suggest that Psalm 18, which is substantially identical to II Samuel 22, was slightly modified by David shortly before his death. The revised version is incorporated here by the anonymous author of II Samuel. Since both versions are divinely inspired, there must be some reason for the inclusion of both the original and revised versions of Psalm 18 in the Biblical canon. See the notes appended to Psalm 18.

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