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After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Necho king of Egypt came up to fight against Charchemish by Euphrates: and Josiah went out against him.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

35:20 to fight against Carchemish. Pharaoh’s intent was to fight against the Babylonians at Carchemish in support of the Assyrians. The Babylonians had already conquered the Assyrian capital of Nineveh. Evidently the Egyptians did not want the Babylonians to proceed into Syria, which they themselves coveted, and so were planning to help the Assyrians. See note on II Kings 23:29.

35:20 fight against Carchemish. The historic battle of Carchemish, which saw the final defeat of Assyria by Babylon, as well as a decisive rout of the Egyptians who came to help the Assyrians, is described in detail in a clay tablet known as the Nebuchadnezzar Chronicle.

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