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And she named the child Ichabod, saying, The glory is departed from Israel: because the ark of God was taken, and because of her father in law and her husband.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

4:21 glory is departed. The presence of the Lord, the shekinah glory, dwelled in the tabernacle, over the ark “between the cherubims” (I Samuel 4:4), and neither the ark nor the tabernacle were ever to be moved unless the glory cloud itself, representing the Lord’s presence, moved first. The presumptuous act of the elders, with Hophni and Phinehas, in taking the ark out of the tabernacle into the army camp resulted in the tragic loss of the “glory” itself, along with the divine presence.

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