New Defender's Study Bible Notes
22:23 lying spirit. The question raised by this passage is why the God of truth would send a lying spirit to deceive the king of Israel. The fact is, of course, that Satan and his hosts of evil spirits can only pursue their evil goals to the extent God allows them to do so—as in the case of Job, for example. King Ahab (like the Pharaoh in the days of Moses) had so hardened his heart against God, that God finally would allow an evil spirit to lead him to his own deserved destruction (compare Exodus 7:3 and 8:15). For such a mission it would be more appropriate for God to release one of Satan’s lying spirits to carry it out than to dispatch one of His holy angels. Note also I Corinthians 5:5.