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To the chief Musician, Maschil, for the sons of Korah. As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so panteth my soul after thee, O God.
My soul thirsteth for God, for the living God: when shall I come and appear before God?
My tears have been my meat day and night, while they continually say unto me, Where is thy God?
When I remember these things, I pour out my soul in me: for I had gone with the multitude, I went with them to the house of God, with the voice of joy and praise, with a multitude that kept holyday.
Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted in me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise him for the help of his countenance.
O my God, my soul is cast down within me: therefore will I remember thee from the land of Jordan, and of the Hermonites, from the hill Mizar.
Deep calleth unto deep at the noise of thy waterspouts: all thy waves and thy billows are gone over me.
Yet the LORD will command his lovingkindness in the daytime, and in the night his song shall be with me, and my prayer unto the God of my life.
I will say unto God my rock, Why hast thou forgotten me? why go I mourning because of the oppression of the enemy?
As with a sword in my bones, mine enemies reproach me; while they say daily unto me, Where is thy God?
Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? hope thou in God: for I shall yet praise him, who is the health of my countenance, and my God.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

42:2 living God. Psalm 42 is the heart-cry of a true believer in “the living God,” who (like Job) had seemingly been forgotten by God, and who longed for some concrete evidence that He was still there.

42:5 Why art thou cast down. Instead of complaining and asking God why He had been forgotten, the trusting believer instead questions his own soul. Why should he be discouraged, since God does exist and does care, in spite of the immediate circumstances. There is such a thing as a “trial of your faith” (I Peter 1:7), and it is vital that we endure such testings (James 1:12), repeatedly reminding ourselves to “hope thou in God.” In good time we again shall see “the help of His countenance.”

42:7 Deep calleth unto deep. This remarkable phrase seems to refer to a thunderous oceanic tornado (“waterspout”) extending all the way from the ocean “deep” to the cloudy “deep” of the heavens; generating mighty billows on the deep sea.

42:8 Yet the LORD. Even in such tumultuous times, the Lord is still with us day and night, though our enemies deride us for trusting in a God who seems (for the present) not to answer.

Psalm 43 (title). Psalm 43 is the only psalm in Book II of the Psalms (except for Psalm 71, q.v.) which has no title. The reason is that it is, in effect, a continuation of Psalm 42, both concluding with the same question. Yet it is clearly a different psalm, evidently written by the same unnamed author at a later time.

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