New Defender's Study Bible Notes
33:1 These are the journeys. Moses here outlines the paths followed by the wilderness wanderings, all the way from Egypt to Moab. Interestingly, forty place names are mentioned, perhaps corresponding to the forty years of wandering.
33:2 Moses wrote. Moses clearly states that here he was the one who wrote about the journey of Israel from Egypt to the promised land–that is, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. The assertion by liberal critics that Moses’ generation did not know how to write is universally refuted by both the internal and external evidences.
33:12 encamped in Dophkah. The encampments at Dophkah and Alush were not mentioned by Moses in his account in Exodus, and the same is true for some others. Conversely, some were mentioned in Exodus which are not included here. Between the two, at least most of the routes are probably included. Some locations have been identified archaeologically, others are still uncertain.
33:38 died there. Numbers 20:28 tells of the death of Aaron, but only here is his age at death recorded (Numbers 33:39).
33:52 drive out. God here made it plain once again that He has firmly decided to give “the land of Canaan” to Israel. The Canaanites had lost all rights to the land by their gross wickedness, and the Israelites had been commissioned to “drive out all the inhabitants.” God had created the land, and had the right to give it to whomsoever He would.
33:52 pictures. The Hebrew word refers to images carved in relief.
33:53 given you the land. This command to drive out the Canaanites was frequently given. See Exodus 23:24; 34:11-13; Leviticus 20:22-24; Deuteronomy 7:1-26; 20:16-18. The order was accompanied by a serious warning that failure to do this would lead to continuing trouble from the Canaanites, a prophetic warning which certainly was terribly fulfilled in later years.