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Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover.
And the chief priests and scribes sought how they might kill him; for they feared the people.
And he went his way, and communed with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray him unto them.
And they said unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare?
And he said unto them, Behold, when ye are entered into the city, there shall a man meet you, bearing a pitcher of water; follow him into the house where he entereth in.
And ye shall say unto the goodman of the house, The Master saith unto thee, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples?
And he shall show you a large upper room furnished: there make ready.
And they went, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.
And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves:
For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come.
But, behold, the hand of him that betrayeth me is with me on the table.
And he said unto them, The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors.
But ye shall not be so: but he that is greatest among you, let him be as the younger; and he that is chief, as he that doth serve.
For whether is greater, he that sitteth at meat, or he that serveth? is not he that sitteth at meat? but I am among ° you as he that serveth.
And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Father hath appointed unto me;
And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat:
Then said he unto them, But now, he that hath a purse, let him take it, and likewise his scrip: and he that hath no sword, let him sell his garment, and buy one.
And when he was at the place, he said unto them, Pray that ye enter not into temptation.
And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.
And while he yet spake, behold a multitude, and he that was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them, and drew near unto Jesus to kiss him.
But Jesus said unto him, Judas, betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss?
When they which were about him saw what would follow, they said unto him, Lord, shall we smite with the sword?
And when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the hall, and were set down together, Peter sat down among ° them.
But a certain maid beheld him as he sat by the fire, and earnestly looked upon him, and said, This man was also with him.
And the Lord turned, and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice.
And the men that held Jesus mocked him, and smote him.
And if I also ask you, ye will not answer me, nor let me go.
Hereafter ° shall the Son of man sit on the right hand of the power of God.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

22:3 Satan into Judas. Satan “possessed” Judas at this juncture, just as he had once possessed the human bodies of the kings of Babylon and Tyre (Isaiah 14:12-15; Ezekiel 28:12-15) and will possess the body of the Antichrist (II Thessalonians 2:3; Revelation 13:3-5). Before a demon (or, in this case, Satan) can take over the body of a human being, that person must somehow have made himself or herself receptive to his temptations. The sins of Satan himself (pride, unbelief, covetousness, blasphemy) are used most effectively in temptation. These sins of the mind soon lead to grosser sins of the flesh and leave the person open to full demonic control. In Judas’ case, his covetousness led to his becoming a thief and finally to his lethal betrayal of his teacher and friend. For this most vital function, however, Satan had to “enter” him. Note also John 13:2,27.

22:20 in my blood. For the spiritual and prophetic significance of the Lord’s supper, see the comments on the parallel accounts in Matthew 26:28 and Mark 14:24-27.

22:30 the twelve tribes of Israel. This promise apparently relates to the millennial kingdom. At that time, Israel will be restored fully to its promised land, with all the tribes, and the resurrected saints of the church age, including the twelve apostles, will judge the world (I Corinthians 6:2). In his revelation of this period, John said: “I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them” (Revelation 20:4).

22:31 Satan hath desired. Satan had failed completely in his effort to tempt Jesus, so evidently decided to seek the fall of the man who seemed to be the leader of His apostles. As in the case of Job some two thousand years before, Jesus assured Peter that he would not lose his faith (Luke 22:32), and that the end result of Peter’s trial, like that of Job, would be a source of blessing to others.

22:36 buy one. These instructions were quite different from those He had given before (Luke 9:3; 10:4; 22:35; 9:56). Before, He was with the disciples, and they were being trained. Now, however, He would no longer be with them. After that night, they must go forth into the world on their permanent mission, and they must have the usual means of survival in a hostile world.

22:37 among the transgressors. The Lord here quoted Isaiah 53:12. Up until this point, He had merely encountered unbelief and hostility from the ruling establishment. Now, they were determined to have Him executed as a common criminal, not knowing they would actually be fulfilling a key Messianic prophecy. He was numbered with the criminals, that we might be numbered with the saints (Revelation 5:9-12).

22:38 two swords. One of the disciples (probably Peter), misunderstood what Jesus said, thinking He was telling them they would have to defend Him that very night. The Lord simply told them, in effect, to quit talking about it, knowing they would not really understand until later.

22:39 wont. That is, “accustomed.”

22:42 not my will. See notes on Matthew 26:39.

22:43 an angel. Jesus was enduring the testing in the garden only as a man, not calling on His own divine nature, and it was appropriate that the Father would send an angel to encourage Him for the ordeal ahead. Only Luke mentions this incident.

22:44 drops of blood. Luke is also the only gospel writer to mention the bloody sweat, possibly because of his interest as a physician in this rare physiological phenomenon, which spoke eloquently of the intense spiritual agony Jesus was suffering as He faced the terrible trauma of being made sin and having the Father forsake Him, thus enduring hell itself for lost sinners.

22:46 Why sleep ye? Compare Matthew 26:45, and see note.

22:53 your hour. This was not only the hour for which Christ’s human enemies had been planning, but also that of Satan and all his dark powers. At the same time, it was also the hour for which Christ had come into the world (John 12:27), when by His being made sin and dying for sin He would once for all defeat Satan and take away the sin of the world (John 1:29).

22:61 looked upon Peter. Peter had forgotten his confident boast of just a few hours earlier (Luke 22:33), and Jesus’ prediction of his denial (Luke 22:34). It only took one look from Christ, however, and he remembered.

22:62 wept bitterly. In spite of Satan’s sifting of Peter (Luke 22:31), Jesus had promised that Peter’s faith would not fail and he would be converted (that is, “turned around”). Peter’s bitter weeping, when Jesus looked at him, showed that his restoration was beginning.

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