New Defender's Study Bible Notes
10:1 other seventy also. The parallel accounts in Matthew 10:5-15 and Mark 6:7-13 indicate that only the twelve disciples were sent on this mission, with no mention of the “other seventy.” It was possibly a different mission. In any case, this indicates that by this time Jesus had many disciples following Him in addition to the twelve, and He was concerned with training and using them as well. Possibly He selected seventy of them as symbolic of the “seventy elders” of Israel (Exodus 24:1), just as the twelve apostles similarly represented the twelve tribes.
10:2 labourers are few. Even with the additional seventy, the laborers were few in comparison to the multitudes in “every city and place” where He wanted to come. It has remained so ever since, and He would still exhort us to pray for more to labor in the great world field.
10:7 worthy of his hire. This statement is quoted by Paul in I Timothy 5:18, the only place where a New Testament writer quotes another New Testament passage as “Scripture.” This gives incidental confirmation of the New Testament—Luke in particular—as being on a par with the Old Testament Scriptures.
10:14 more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon. There are degrees of punishment awaiting the lost, as well as degrees of rewards for the saved. See notes on Luke 12:47-48 and Matthew 10:15.
10:17 even the devils. The “devils” (i.e., demons, or evil spirits) were evidently especially active while Christ was on earth, at least in Israel, and God took special measures against them, in response to prayer in the name of His Son, who had come to destroy the works of Satan (Hebrews 2:14).
10:18 fall from heaven. This vision received by Christ was both a retrospective assurance that Satan had already been cast out of heaven because “iniquity was found” in him (Ezekiel 28:15,17) and also the renewed promise that he will eventually be cast completely out of any access to God at all (Revelation 12:7-10) and ultimately down to his eternal fate in hell (Isaiah 14:12-15; Revelation 20:10). The power of His disciples over the spirits was a token of this.
10:19 serpents and scorpions. Serpents and scorpions have always symbolized the devil, and God has promised that Christ will ultimately crush him (Genesis 3:15). Thus, in His name, the followers of Christ can also be delivered spiritually from Satan’s venom and crush his power over their lives (Psalm 91:13; Romans 16:20).
10:20 rejoice not. The miraculous signs accompanying the seventy on this mission, as well as on the apostles and others in the early church, were a special and temporary privilege, given for a special purpose (I Corinthians 13:8), not to be compared at all to the far greater and everlasting gift of salvation.
10:29 who is my neighbour. The famous parable of the good Samaritan, given in response to this question, yields the following answer: my “neighbour” is anyone who has a special need that I am able to meet and who is brought to my particular attention by crossing my path.
10:35 pence. That is, “pennies.” See note on Matthew 20:10.
10:42 that good part. Today, we can only sit at Jesus’ feet and hear His word by reading and meditating on the Scriptures. Important as our daily responsibilities may be to meet our material needs, we should somehow make time for this “good part.” The Lord assures us that, if this is our desire, He will provide the time, as He did with Mary.