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And it came to pass, when Jabin king of Hazor had heard those things, that he sent to Jobab king of Madon, and to the king of Shimron, and to the king of Achshaph,
And to the kings that were on the north of the mountains, and of the plains south of Chinneroth, and in the valley, and in the borders of Dor on the west,
And to the Canaanite on the east and on the west, and to the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Jebusite in the mountains, and to the Hivite under Hermon in the land of Mizpeh.
And they went out, they and all their hosts with them, much people, even as the sand that is upon the sea shore in multitude, with horses and chariots very many.
And when all these kings were met together, they came and pitched together at the waters of Merom, to fight against Israel.
And the LORD said unto Joshua, Be not afraid because of them: for to morrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel: thou shalt hock their horses, and burn their chariots with fire.
So Joshua came, and all the people of war with him, against them by the waters of Merom suddenly; and they fell upon them.
And the LORD delivered them into the hand of Israel, who smote them, and chased them unto great Zidon, and unto Misrephothmaim, and unto the valley of Mizpeh eastward; and they smote them, until they left them none remaining.
And Joshua did unto them as the LORD bade him: he hocked their horses, and burnt their chariots with fire.
And Joshua at that time turned back, and took Hazor, and smote the king thereof with the sword: for Hazor beforetime was the head of all those kingdoms.
And they smote all the souls that were therein with the edge of the sword, utterly destroying them: there was not any left to breathe: and he burnt Hazor with fire.
And all the cities of those kings, and all the kings of them, did Joshua take, and smote them with the edge of the sword, and he utterly destroyed them, as Moses the servant of the LORD commanded.
But as for the cities that stood still in their strength, Israel burned none of them, save Hazor only; that did Joshua burn.
And all the spoil of these cities, and the cattle, the children of Israel took for a prey unto themselves; but every man they smote with the edge of the sword, until they had destroyed them, neither left they any to breathe.
So Joshua took all that land, the hills, and all the south country, and all the land of Goshen, and the valley, and the plain, and the mountain of Israel, and the valley of the same;
Even from the mount Halak, that goeth up to Seir, even unto Baalgad in the valley of Lebanon under mount Hermon: and all their kings he took, and smote them, and slew them.
Joshua made war a long time with all those kings.
There was not a city that made peace with the children of Israel, save the Hivites the inhabitants of Gibeon: all other they took in battle.
For it was of the LORD to harden their hearts, that they should come against Israel in battle, that he might destroy them utterly, and that they might have no favour, but that he might destroy them, as the LORD commanded Moses.
And at that time came Joshua, and cut off the Anakims from the mountains, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and from all the mountains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel: Joshua destroyed them utterly with their cities.
There was none of the Anakims left in the land of the children of Israel: only in Gaza, in Gath, and in Ashdod, there remained.
So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the LORD said unto Moses; and Joshua gave it for an inheritance unto Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. And the land rested from war.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

11:2 Chinneroth. This was an older name for the Sea of Galilee and for one of the towns on its shore.

11:3 the Jebusite. The Jebusites were in and around Jerusalem, whereas Hermon was a mountain in the northern edge of Canaan. This northern confederation thus covered a wide geographical range and many city states, so that a very large army was arrayed against Joshua.

11:6 hough their horses. God did not want His people to come to rely on horses and war chariots in the future, as they might be tempted to do if they merely captured them as booty (Deuteronomy 17:16). Accordingly, Joshua did “hamstring” all the captured horses and burn the chariots (Joshua 11:9).

11:11 burnt Hazor. Archaeological studies have shown that Hazor was indeed the largest and strongest of the Canaanite cities at this time (Joshua 11:10), but that it had been destroyed several times and then rebuilt. Although the armies and occupants of these northern cities were all slain, evidently many who escaped or who had lived in the nearby villages did survive and were able to rebuild and continue to harass Israel for centuries. Hazor, along with Jericho and Ai, were the only cities destroyed by Joshua. The other conquered cities were simply taken over and occupied by the Israelites. (Joshua 11:13-14). Archaeological evidence has indeed confirmed that Hazor was destroyed and burned at a time corresponding to Joshua’s invasion of Canaan.

11:20 harden their hearts. The Lord did not want them to seek peace treaties with Israel, as Gibeon had done, so constrained them to aggressively fight against Israel (Joshua 11:5).

11:20 destroy them utterly. Many skeptics and liberals have charged Joshua (and God) with unnecessary cruelty and bloodthirstiness, for visiting such utter destruction on all these Amorites (or Canaanites). But it should be remembered that they had already had many centuries to repent of their extreme wickedness and cruelty (note Genesis 15:16), and had only grown worse. It was merciful for God to command their destruction before they could (as they would, and did) contaminate others. At least their infants, who had not yet committed these sins, and had not yet rejected the true God as their parents had, would be spared future lives of licentious evil and cruelty by dying young.

11:22 none of the Anakims. All the giant Anakims, who had so frightened the earlier generation of Israelites (Numbers 13:31-33), were as easily defeated by Joshua as the other Canaanites, with the exception of those along the lower seacoast, nearest Egypt.

11:22 in Gath. Gath was one of just three cities where some of the families of giants among the Anakim survived, and it was from Gath that Goliath, the giant killed by David over three hundred years later, had come (I Samuel 17:4).

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