New Defender's Study Bible Notes
30:4 mallows. Salt marsh plants.
30:6 caves of the earth. Job here is referring to what modern paleoanthropologists call the “cavemen.” These were not ape-men, but descendants of those who scattered from Babel and then, for some reason, deteriorated mentally and physically, as well as spiritually. They fled “into the wilderness in former time desolate and waste” (Job 30:3). They were “driven forth from among men” (Job 30:5) by those tribes who competed successfully for the more desirable regions of the earth.
30:7 they brayed. These ruffians were so vile they lived and sounded like animals. Yet now they held Job in derision.
30:27 prevented. Archaic use for “preceded.” See note on Job 3:12.
30:29 brother to dragons. Modern translations commonly render this as “brother to jackals.” However, the Hebrew word is tannin and really means “dragons.” These doleful creatures, coming in various species and sizes, had not yet become extinct in Job’s time, and were probably equivalent to the extinct animals we now call dinosaurs. See note on Lamentations 4:3.