New Defender's Study Bible Notes
3:1 cursed his day. Job would not curse God, but he did give way and curse the day of his birth, as well as even the night of his conception.
3:5 shadow of death. This is the first of twenty references in the Bible to “the shadow of death,” ten of which are in Job (e.g., Job 38:17).
3:8 their mourning. The Hebrew word for “mourning” here is the same as for “leviathan,” and it is so translated every other time it is used (e.g., Job 41:1). Job is including in his “curse” the fear of this terrible marine reptile.
3:12 prevent. The Old English usage came from the Latin, meaning “going before;” thus, “precede” is the real meaning in the Hebrew.
3:25 greatly feared. Job confesses that, even during his former days of prosperity and esteem, he had realized that things could change. God may bless a righteous man with prosperity, but it is all of grace. No man—not even righteous Job—deserves God’s favor, for “all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God” (Romans 3:23). Job realized he was innately a sinner, and offered sacrifices to cover his sins, as God had instructed, but he still realized God had every right to withhold His blessings.