New Defender's Study Bible Notes
42:13 trespass offering. The various temple sacrificial offerings are to be restored in this millennial temple, with certain of the Levitical priests officiating again, even though the Lord Jesus Christ, as “the Lamb of God” (John 1:29) had long before “offered one sacrifice for sins for ever” (Hebrews 10:12). These sacrifices obviously are memorial, rather than anticipatory, in nature, designed to cause people to remember the sufferings of Christ for their sins, and to demonstrate their saving faith in Christ’s sacrifice by prayerfully observing the suffering and death of these innocent substitutes. Otherwise, as new generations are born and raised throughout many centuries, living in a world of peace and plenty and outward righteousness, it would be easy for them to forget about the awful wickedness of the natural state of man without Christ. It is significant that, not only the Israelites, but the Gentiles as well, will be required to make annual pilgrimages to Jerusalem (to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles” (Zechariah 14:16-19). This feast incorporates seven days of offerings (Leviticus 23:33-36). The logistics and details of these future observances are not revealed, but the principle of remembrance is the vital feature of these future sacrificial offerings.
42:16 five hundred reeds. Thus the whole temple square will be (500 x 10.5) feet on each side, making a large square almost one mile square. This is far too large to be built atop Mount Moriah, where Solomon’s temple stood, but there will be great topographic changes in and around Jerusalem just before the millennium (Zechariah 14:9-11). The dimensions of the temple itself are far smaller, leading some to suggest that a copyist error led to 500 reeds instead of 500 cubits (that is, 875 feet) as the outer wall length. However, it is not likely that the same copyist mistake would be made six times (Ezekiel 42:16-20). Perhaps much of the outer court between the temple proper and the boundary pavements will be a park-like area, or for some other appropriate use that has not yet been revealed.