New Defender's Study Bible Notes
34:1 Hew thee two tables. The first two tables of the law, broken by Moses, were given him by God (Exodus 31:18). This time, Moses was instructed to make two tablets himself, on which God would again write the Ten Commandments (note Exodus 34:28).
34:6 gracious. Exodus 34:6-7 constitutes a classic statement of the attributes of God.
34:27 Write thou these words. Note God’s emphasis on His words! The principle of verbal inspiration is very evident here. Even though Moses wrote the words, it was God who gave them.
34:28 forty days. Exactly as on the former occasion, Moses spent forty days and forty nights in the Lord’s presence before he was able to return to the people with the second pair of tables (see note on Exodus 24:18).
34:35 Moses’ face shone. This was evidently a supernatural glow, resulting from Moses’ face-to-face encounters with God (note Exodus 34:29; Deuteronomy 34:10). His face shone so brightly that the people could not stand to face him unless he placed a veil over his face (see notes on II Corinthians 3:13,14,18). There should, in analogous fashion, be a spiritual glow on the countenances of believers who are walking in close fellowship with the Lord through His Word and prayer.