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And the king said again unto Esther on the second day at the banquet of wine, What is thy petition, queen Esther? and it shall be granted thee: and what is thy request? and it shall be performed, even to the half of the kingdom.
Then Esther the queen answered and said, If I have found favour in thy sight, O king, and if it please the king, let my life be given me at my petition, and my people at my request:
For we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish. But if we had been sold for bondmen and bondwomen, I had held my tongue, although the enemy could not countervail the king's damage.
Then the king Ahasuerus answered and said unto Esther the queen, Who is he, and where is he, that durst presume in his heart to do so?
And Esther said, The adversary and enemy is this wicked Haman. Then Haman was afraid before the king and the queen.
And the king arising from the banquet of wine in his wrath went into the palace garden: and Haman stood up to make request for his life to Esther the queen; for he saw that there was evil determined against him by the king.
Then the king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the banquet of wine; and Haman was fallen upon the bed whereon Esther was. Then said the king, Will he force the queen also before me in the house? As the word went out of the king's mouth, they covered Haman's face.
And Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king, Behold also, the gallows fifty cubits high, which Haman had made for Mordecai, who had spoken good for the king, standeth in the house of Haman. Then the king said, Hang him thereon.
So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai. Then was the king's wrath pacified.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

7:3 let my life be given me. Apparently for the first time both the king and Haman learned that Esther was a Jewess. Her life, along with that of Mordecai (who had saved the king’s life) would possibly be forfeited if Haman’s program were fully implemented.

7:4 For we are sold. Esther here alludes to Haman’s purchase of the right to destroy the Jews by a large sum of money to be paid the king. She also notes that the king’s loss of the industrious and prosperous Jewish population would result in more “damage” financially to the king than the “enemy” (Haman) would be paying him.

7:8 fallen upon the bed. This “bed” was actually a couch, probably one of the “gold and silver” couches of which the king was proud (Esther 1:6). The Persians, like the Greeks and Romans, evidently reclined on couches at their meals. Haman, suddenly in great concern for his life, approached too close to the queen, violating the rigorous rules imposed upon their harems by such monarchs.

7:9 Behold also, the gallows. Evidently the high gallows was actually visible from the palace. Harbonah’s reference to Mordecai was the last straw, and the king pronounced the verdict of immediate execution of Haman on the gallows intended by him for Mordecai.

7:10 hanged Haman. This amazing development is a remarkable testimony to the prevailing will of God, even though there is no direct mention of God in the narrative. Among other things, it is a remarkable illustration of Psalm 9:16: “the wicked is snared in the work of his own hands.”

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