New Defender's Study Bible Notes
5:3 it shall be even given thee. Esther had risked her life in approaching the king without being bidden, but the Lord providentially touched his heart. No doubt Esther, already having been recognized as the fairest in the kingdom and now dressed in her “royal apparel” (Esther 5:1), looking radiant after three days of prayer and fasting, made a striking appearance, and the king knew she must have come for some very good reason. Three times he promised to give her up to half the kingdom (see Esther 5:3,6; 7:2). This was probably a rhetorical exaggeration (note also Herod’s promise to Salome—Mark 6:23), but it does indicate the king’s sincere desire to please his queen.
5:6 half of the kingdom. With such a carte blanche promise from the king, it seems surprising that Esther did not immediately make the appeal for her people, instead of requesting a second banquet. Whether or not she temporarily lost her courage, the delay was providential, for it was on the sleepless night in between that Ahasuerus learned of Mordecai’s earlier report to Esther which had saved the king’s life (Esther 2:21-23; 6:1-2).
5:14 fifty cubits high. This would be seventy-five feet (like a six-story building). Probably the gallows was erected on a hilltop, with the seventy-five feet being the height above the ground where observers would see it.