New Defender's Study Bible Notes
6:1 Darius. This Darius should not be confused with the later Persian emperor, Darius the Great. The Darius in Daniel was evidently one of the greatest generals in the armies of the emperor Cyrus, and was known in secular history as Gobryas. As conqueror of Babylon, he was given great responsibility over much of Babylonia.
6:2 Daniel was first. Daniel had been a prominent and respected leader in Babylon for most of Nebuchadnezzar’s forty-year reign. Belshazzar was slain by the Chaldeans about twenty-two years later, and Darius had no doubt been informed about Daniel’s interpretation of the handwriting on the wall. He soon recognized Daniel’s unique abilities and rewarded him with a very high position. Daniel was probably over eighty years of age by this time.
6:5 not find any occasion. What a testimony, and example, for believers. No wonder his contemporary Ezekiel (14:14) ranked him with Noah and Job as the most godly of men.
6:8 which altereth not. See notes on Esther 1:19; 8:3. Also note Daniel 6:12,15.
6:16 den of lions. Excavations among the ruins of Babylon uncovered this den, containing an inscription indicating that this was where “wild beasts” killed “men who anger the king.”
6:22 his angel. Angels are ministering spirits to believers, and are very powerful and wise. Many of the Bible’s miracles, such as this, involve intervention by angels in the timing or rates of otherwise natural events and processes.
6:26 the living God. Daniel had undoubtedly witnessed to Darius concerning the true God, but Darius had been manipulated by his advisers to forbid Daniel to pray to God. Now, however, Daniel’s faithfulness and faith unto death, if need be, had convinced Darius that God was real.
6:27 hath delivered Daniel. A large basalt statue of a lion standing over a prone man was found on the palace grounds in Babylon in 1784, dating from the time of Darius’ reign there. However, the lion seemed not to be attacking the man, but protecting him. It has been suggested by some archaeologists that the statue was commissioned by Darius to commemorate Daniel’s deliverance in the lions’ den (note Daniel 6:26). The inscription originally on the statue had been hacked off, possibly by men who did not like its testimony.
6:28 reign of Darius. These reigns were not successive reigns, but contemporaneous. Cyrus ruled the entire Medo-Persian empire, Darius only one of its provinces, Babylonia.