New Defender's Study Bible Notes
9:2 look out there Jehu. The time had finally come to implement God’s instruction to Elijah that Jehu should become Israel’s king, ending the Omri dynasty (I Kings 19:16).
9:4 the young man the prophet. The record does not indicate why Elisha delegated this important mission to a young prophet instead of carrying it out himself. Possibly he could foresee the lethal career of Jehu and did not want to be associated with it in the minds of the people of Israel.
9:8 pisseth against the wall. This pronouncement of coming doom on the descendants of Ahab uses language that sounds vulgar to modern ears, and modern translations invariably use some euphemism instead of the literal translation as in the Authorized Version (if nothing else, this is a striking testimonial to the strong commitment to precise rendering by the King James translators). Nevertheless the actual words uttered by the prophet, quoting the words of the Lord Himself, were exactly as given in the King James, and it would seem there must be good reason why the Spirit-inspired Scriptures would use such explicit language—in this and several other instances—when it seems at first that “every adult male” would have done just as well. Wherever it is used (also in I Samuel 25:22,34; I Kings 14:10; 16:11; 21:21), it is used as a pejorative and in a context of judgment against evil. It was evidently a proverbial expression in Israel, probably applied to those men who were of such arrogant and evil temperament as to blatantly engage in public urination against the walls of those they disliked. Not only were such descendants of Ahab to be cut off, but even those who were “shut up” (i.e., too old or too young to engage in outside work or warfare, and thus kept at home) and “left in Israel.”
9:10 portion of Jezreel. Elijah had prophesied that dogs would lick the blood of King Ahab in the vineyard of Naboth, which Ahab had acquired by murdering Naboth (I Kings 21:19), and that dogs would eat Queen Jezebel by the wall of Jezreel (I Kings 21:23). The first prophecy was partly fulfilled at the death of Ahab, when dogs licked the blood spilled from his chariot and his armor (I Kings 22:38). It was completely fulfilled in the days of his son Joram, having been postponed by Ahab’s slight repentance (I Kings 21:29; II Kings 9:25-26). The prophecy against Jezebel was also literally fulfilled (II Kings 9:35-37).
9:14 because of Hazael. See II Kings 8:28.
9:16 went to Jezreel. Ramoth-Gilead was about forty miles east of Jezreel.
9:17 tower in Jezreel. Jezreel was in the hill country and its tower especially had a panoramic view of the plain below. The remains of this tower have actually been found in excavations at the site of ancient Jezreel.
9:26 requite thee in this plat. See I Kings 21:19; 22:38. Joram was destined to reach the same end as his father Ahab.
9:27 Ahaziah. Ahaziah was related to Ahab by marriage, as well as confederate with his son. Hence, Jehu included him also in his commissioned purging of Ahab’s house (II Kings 9:8).
9:36 eat the flesh of Jezebel. Thus did Jezebel finally pay for her instigation of Naboth’s murder. This was in exact fulfillment of Elijah’s prophecy (I Kings 21:23).