New Defender's Study Bible Notes
13:2 Josiah by name. This remarkable prophecy, predicting the deeds and the very name of a king of Judah over 250 years before he was born (II Kings 21:26; 23:15,16), is strong evidence of divine inspiration, for such distant foresight is only possible for God, who controls the future.
13:4 his hand. Except for the occasions when God spoke to men and when the shekinah glory filled the temple, this is the first recorded miracle in the Bible since the days of Samuel. There are several, however, in this chapter (I Kings 13:4-6,28), and these mark the beginning of many miracles (especially through Elijah and Elisha) that were sent by God during the days of the divided kingdom and the growing apostasy of Israel and Judah.
13:18 lied unto him. This prophet was an apostate prophet even before he lied to God’s true prophet, for he was apparently quite content to remain associated with the pagan religion which Jeroboam had set up at Bethel.
13:21 not kept the commandment. It was ironic that—like Balaam—the Lord constrained the apostate prophet to utter one more inspired prophecy, whereby he pronounced God’s judgment on the true prophet for yielding to the temptation by which he (the apostate prophet) had persuaded the true prophet to disobey God’s Word. It is dangerous for a believer to go against the revealed Word of God (especially as now codified in the Scriptures) even when so urged by an apparently spiritual believer. Compare Galatians 1:8,9; II Corinthians 11:13-15; Matthew 24:24.
13:28 had not eaten. The Lord had sent the lion to slay His disobedient prophet, but would not allow him either to eat his body or even to slay the donkey. As with Daniel in the lion’s den, God had shut the mouth of the lion.
13:32 Samaria. Samaria was not built or recognized as a city or province until many years later, when Omri was king (I Kings 16:24), so this modifying clause must represent an editorial explanation inserted later by the unknown compiler and editor of the historical narratives now preserved in I and II Kings.