New Defender's Study Bible Notes
17:1 Nathan the prophet. This is the first reference to Nathan in I Chronicles. Note that this chapter is essentially identical to II Samuel 7. Evidently the Chronicler appropriated it from the earlier account for his own more exclusively Judaistic record. It is possible that both obtained it from the no-longer-extant “book of Nathan the prophet” (I Chronicles 29:29).
17:10 build thee an house. David already had a fine house (I Chronicles 17:1). God is speaking of a “house” in the sense of a dynasty. His “seed” would reign over his house forever (I Chronicles 17:12; Luke 1:31-33).
17:11 with thy fathers. David already knew that he would some day go to be with his dead son (II Samuel 12:23). Now God also told him he would “go to be with thy fathers.” The souls of both patriarchs and deceased infants are safe in heaven.
17:12 build me an house. This portion of the great Davidic covenant was precursively fulfilled by Solomon. See notes on II Samuel 7:12-16.
17:12 for ever. The ultimate fulfillment of the covenant is only in Christ.
17:20 none like thee. David believed and knew that there was only one true Creator God, and that “all the gods of the people are idols” (I Chronicles 16:26), and also that God had chosen the nation Israel to be His own people in a special way (I Chronicles 17:22).