New Defender's Study Bible Notes
4:1 fair. The bridegroom is speaking from Song of Solomon 4:1–5:1, praising the beauties and perfections of his young bride. In picturesque similes, appropriate to the culture, he describes seven aspects of her beauty—her eyes, hair, teeth, lips, temples, neck and breasts—all speaking of perfection in his eyes. “There is no spot in thee,” he says (Song of Solomon 4:7). Just so, in Christ, we are made complete (Colossians 2:10).
4:6 Until the day break. Note the same expressed intention by the Bride in Song of Solomon 2:17, here by the Bridegroom. In type this may suggest the spiritual union of Christ and His Church through the night of the present age in anticipation of the coming eternal day in His presence.
4:10 my sister. Four times, he calls her “my sister, my spouse” (Song of Solomon 4:9; 4:12; 5:1), denoting holy fellowship as well as marital life. Similarly, Christ “is not ashamed to call [them] brethren” (Hebrews 2:11).
4:12 garden enclosed. The bride was a virgin, whose “garden of spices” was opened first and only to her beloved spouse.
4:15 living waters. This is the first of eight references in the Bible to “living waters,” four in the Old Testament, four in the New (Jeremiah 2:13; 17:13; Zechariah 14:8; John 4:10,11; 7:38; Revelation 7:17).