New Defender's Study Bible Notes
2:1 rose of Sharon. Although these terms are often applied to Christ by modern writers, it is actually the bride who is speaking, in effect deprecating herself as like two very common wildflowers. The bridegroom, however, rejects this comparison, saying she is like “a lily among thorns” (Song of Solomon 2:2).
2:4 banner. The “banner” metaphor envisions a flag on a flagpole, depicting ownership and protection. The bride’s “banner” is the love of her bridegroom, just as our eternal security is in the undying love of Christ. Except for Song of Solomon 2:2, it is the bride who is speaking throughout this chapter.
2:5 flagons. The Hebrew word probably refers to “raisin-cakes.”
2:8 behold, he cometh. Although the bride is still speaking, the occasion is different. She is no longer in Jerusalem, but perhaps in their country palace, and her beloved is away. But then she cries: “Behold, he cometh,” and she rises to meet him, as she sees him rapidly approaching. This perhaps speaks, in type, of the signs of the imminent return of Christ, after His long absence (compare Matthew 25:6; 24:33).
2:10 Rise up. The king, after a long time away from his beloved during a busy winter, returns in the spring for a happy reunion. In type, the call to “rise up and come away” may foreshadow the wonderful rapture of the church when Christ returns (I Thessalonians 4:16-17).
2:11 winter is past. Typologically, “the winter” perhaps refers to the long period of Christ’s absence between His ascension and the second coming.
2:12 turtle. “Turtle” also means “turtledove.” When Christ comes again and establishes His reign of righteousness on earth, it will be like a glorious springtime after a long winter.
2:13 fig tree. The budding of the “fig tree” (Israel) is given by Christ as a sign of His imminent return (Luke 13:6-9; 21:29-31).
2:15 Take us the foxes. Evidently both bride and bridegroom here realize there is a need to “take”—that is, “capture”—the little foxes infesting the vineyards before the grapes have ripened. There are “little” things that can come in and destroy even the happiest marriage if they are allowed to remain, just as “little” sins (ingratitude, impatience, etc.) may hurt our relationship with the Lord. Sadly, Solomon himself soon allowed the little sins of political expedience, preoccupation with business affairs and, finally, the greater sins of lust and idolatry, to ruin his idyllic relation with his first love.