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To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm of David. Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer.
O ye sons of men, how long will ye turn my glory into shame? how long will ye love vanity, and seek after leasing? Selah.
But know that the LORD hath set apart him that is godly for himself: the LORD will hear when I call unto him.
Stand in awe, and sin not: commune with your own heart upon your bed, and be still. Selah.
Offer the sacrifices of righteousness, and put your trust in the LORD.
There be many that say, Who will show us any good? LORD, lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon us.
Thou hast put gladness in my heart, more than in the time that their corn and their wine increased.
I will both lay me down in peace, and sleep: for thou, LORD, only makest me dwell in safety.

New Defender's Study Bible Notes

4:1 God of my righteousness. This is the only place in the Bible where God is addressed by this name. It stresses fittingly the great fact that Christ Himself is our righteousness (I Corinthians 1:30; II Corinthians 5:21).

4:2 sons of men. Note that David calls first upon God (Psalm 4:1) before he speaks to men. This is surely the proper route when believers are being oppressed by men.

4:2 leasing. That is, “deceit.”

4:7 gladness in my heart. Christ in the heart is better than corn in the barn!

Psalm 5 (title) Nehiloth. Nehiloth occurs only here, and is of uncertain meaning. It possibly means “wind instruments” and is so rendered in some editions of the Bible. Its unique use here may be connected with the fact that Psalm 5 is the first of the imprecatory psalms.

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