New Defender's Study Bible Notes
35:1 Plead my cause. As in many of his psalms, David draws on his own experiences (opposition, warfare, betrayal, etc., as well as trust in God and ultimate deliverance). In addition, he is carried by divine inspiration to write in such a way that his own experiences parallel those of many other believers through the ages, and even those of the coming Messiah.
35:4 Let them be confounded. Psalm 35 is considered the first of the so-called “imprecatory psalms,” although there are verses of imprecation in previous psalms. See note on Psalm 5:10.
35:6 angel of the LORD. The “angel of the LORD” is mentioned only three times in the book of Psalms (Psalm 34:7; 35:5,6). This title is often given to the Lord Jesus Christ in His pre-incarnate appearances.
35:8 that very destruction. A classic example of this principle being carried out was that of Haman being hanged on his own gallows (Esther 7:10).
35:11 False witnesses. The testimony of false witnesses is one of many notes in this psalm that mirrors the experience of Christ (Mark 14:55-59).
35:15 the abjects. The Hebrew word for “abjects” is used in Scripture only this one time. The intended meaning seems to be “wretched smiters” or “despicable attackers.”
35:17 my darling. See note on Psalm 22:20. The meaning of “my darling” seems to be “my only one,” and could well refer prophetically to Christ, as the only begotten of the Father.
35:18 great congregation. Compare Psalm 22:25; 40:9. There is a striking correlation between Psalm 35:17-18 with Psalm 22:20-22,25.
35:21 Aha, aha. An expression of malicious joy. See also Psalm 40:15; 70:3.