New Defender's Study Bible Notes
9:6 forgive sins. The key reason for the earthly healing ministry of Christ is probably to assure us He could forgive sins.
9:9 Matthew. Matthew is the author of this gospel, yet, says little about himself. As a publican (tax collector), he would ordinarily be disliked by other Jews (note Matthew 9:11), yet Jesus chose him as a disciple. The immediate response by Matthew to Jesus’ call, with no explanation, must have been preceded by an unrecorded history of his own personal repentance and faith. He would very likely have been a follower of John the Baptist before John told his own disciples to follow Jesus (note John 1:35-37; 3:30; Acts 1:21-22).
9:13 not sacrifice. Jesus here quoted Hosea 6:6 as Scriptural authority. Animal sacrifices, which were prescribed by the law and thus necessary and appropriate, were meaningless unless accompanied by true obedience to the moral requirements of the law also, along with true repentance and faith in God’s mercy and forgiveness. Such characteristics of one who offers sacrifices would inevitably produce a merciful attitude in that person’s life.
9:17 old bottles. The “bottles” were actually “wine-skins.” An old wineskin would retain on itself the yeast organisms that produce fermentation. Thus the fresh new wine, recently squeezed from the grape harvest into old wineskins, would soon start fermenting. The gas so produced could even generate sufficient pressure to cause the wineskins to burst.
9:17 both are preserved. Normally the “new wine” was fresh grape juice, and they wanted to preserve its health-giving freshness as long as possible.
9:22 He said, Daughter. From time to time, even as the incarnate Son of God, the Lord Jesus spoke to His believing followers in His character as “Everlasting Father” (Isaiah 9:6). He called this woman “Daughter,” and the man sick of the palsy “Son” (Matthew 9:2). He spoke to His disciples as His “children” (Mark 10:24).
9:25 the maid arose. This was one of three occasions on which Jesus raised the dead (see also Luke 7:12-15; John 11:43-44).
9:34 prince of the devils. The “prince of the demons,” of course, is Satan. Satan has always attempted to control the actions of as many men and women as possible as part of his anti-God strategy, and the most effective way to do this is through actual demonic possession. It would be completely unreasonable for Satan to renounce this control (compare Matthew 12:26), once he has obtained it.
9:38 send forth labourers. The multitudes of spiritually lost “sheep” are like a field of grain ready for the harvest. They are waiting for laborers, but the Lord must send the laborers. He is waiting for those who are concerned to ask Him to do so. Thus, the laborers are few because those who intercede in prayer are few.