New Defender's Study Bible Notes
16:2 miserable comforters. These three former friends had come to Job to “mourn with him and to comfort him” (Job 2:11). Instead all they had done was to condemn him for his supposed sins and now to accuse him of hypocrisy (Job 15:34). To a sincere and righteous man like Job, their attitude and accusations were probably a greater trial of his faith than all the earlier attacks of Satan upon his possessions and his body.
16:10 gaped upon me. Compare Psalm 22:13. In his testimony here, Job unconsciously becomes a type of the Mediator and Redeemer he longs for.
16:10 upon the cheek. Note the prophecy of Christ in Isaiah 50:6.
16:10 together against me. In these verses and many others, Job’s experiences become a striking type of the sufferings of Christ.
16:13 reins. The reins are the “kidneys.”
16:15 my horn. The “horn” was symbolic of strength and honor.
16:19 my witness is in heaven. Job expresses here his faith that somehow he must “have an advocate with the Father” (I John 2:1) who can “plead for” him (Job 16:21), even though Satan, through his “miserable comforters” is bitterly accusing him (note Revelation 12:10). We indeed do have such a heavenly “mediator...the man Christ Jesus” (I Timothy 2:5), but this great truth had not yet been specifically revealed, and Job could only trust in faith that the righteous God he had served faithfully would provide such a “daysman” (Job 9:33; see note).