New Defender's Study Bible Notes
27:1 Jehoiakim. The identification of Jehoiakim as king of Judah at this time seems to conflict directly with Jeremiah 27:3, which identifies Zedekiah as king of Judah then. Actually the Syriac texts and a few Hebrew manuscripts do read “Zedekiah” instead of “Jehoiakim” in this verse. It seems probable that “Zedekiah” was the original reading here, and that some early scribe inadvertently copied Jeremiah 26:1 at this point, which is very similar. This fits the entire context better.
27:5 made the earth. Because God has created the world and everything therein, He has the right to give any portion thereof to those of His own choosing. Although He had given the land of Canaan to the children of Israel, He now chose to give not only Israel but all the known world to “Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, my servant” (Jeremiah 27:6).
27:7 his son’s son. The Babylonian empire would continue in power under Nebuchadnezzar and his son Nabonidus, but would be lost under his grandson, Belshazzar, who was serving as co-regent while Nabonidus was out of the capital (see notes on Daniel 5).
27:18 left in the house of the LORD. Many of the temple treasures had already been carried away by the Babylonians at the time Jehoiachin (same as Jeconiah or Coniah) was also taken to Babylon (II Kings 24:12-15). See note on Jeremiah 22:24. However, those that remained there at that time would also be carried to Babylon (Jeremiah 27:22) in Nebuchadnezzar’s final invasion (II Chronicles 36:18).