New Defender's Study Bible Notes
34:2 the indignation. This chapter deals with the climax and immediate aftermath of the great tribulation, “the day of the LORD’s vengeance” (Isaiah 34:8), when the assembled armies of all the world’s rebellious nations will be destroyed at Armageddon (Revelation 16:16; 19:11-21).
34:4 as a scroll. These “fearful sights from heaven” (Luke 21:11) will be seen following the opening of the sixth seal on the great title deed scroll in heaven (Revelation 6:12-14) during the early years of the great tribulation period that will come on the earth in the last days. The falling stars suggest a great swarm of meteorites impacting the earth. Rolling up the heavenly scroll would indicate either a slipping of earth’s crust or a great cosmic cloud moving around the earth to blot out the sky.
34:5 Idumea. Idumea is the land of Edom, and there are indications that Christ will return first to that land of the cursed Edomites (note Obadiah 18 and Malachi 1:3, for example), then proceed to Jerusalem (compare Isaiah 63:1-4), all the way treading the terrible “winepress of the wrath of God,” wearing a “vesture dipped in blood” (Revelation 14:19,20; 19:13). Note also Isaiah 34:6, revealing that “the LORD hath…a great slaughter in the land of Idumea.” The distance from Bozrah (Isaiah 34:6) to Jerusalem is about sixteen hundred furlongs (Revelation 14:20).
34:7 the unicorns. See notes on Job 39:9; Psalm 92:10.
34:10 shall go up for ever. See note on Revelation 14:11. Since God’s principle of conservation assures that nothing is ever annihilated, even smoke particles, once produced in the fire, will continue in some form forever.
34:14 satyr. The English word refers to a mythical forest demon. The Hebrew word is translated in various ways depending on context (“devil,” “goat,” “hairy,” etc.). Probably the meaning here is “wild goat.”
34:16 the book of the LORD. This “book of the LORD” undoubtedly consisted of not only the books of Moses, but the other divinely inspired writings (Joshua, Samuel, etc.) that had been accumulated by this time.